In September, TSLAC Conservation worked on the Map Showing the Beaumont – Sour Lake – Saratoga Oil Fields of Texas (nd) from the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center in Liberty, TX. This 60 cm x 45.5 cm map features printer’s ink on machine-made, wove paper. Adhesive staining, tears, and losses presented challenges for its upcoming exhibit.
A sticker-style label attached to the back of the map had caused pronounced staining on the front, upper right corner. Solvent testing revealed that a mixture of acetone, toluene, and xylene was most effective on the stain, likely indicating an acrylic-based adhesive. Successive poultices of the solvent mixture with Fuller’s earth provided some stain reduction, but better results were achieved by rolling with a solvent-dampened swab. Care was taken in applying the solvent mixture over a ball-point pen annotation that was revealed beneath the removed label. This ink proved surprisingly stable in the solvent mixture.
The map was washed and deacidified on wet blotter to reduce overall staining and localized tidelines. Fills were constructed of handmade, Ruscombe Mill paper toned with water-thinned acrylic paint. Fills were cut to shape, pared along their edges for a smooth seam, and adhered with wheat starch paste. Extensive edge tears were then mended with NARA heat-set tissue.