Flags of the Texas State Library and Archives

TSLAC 306-4044, Confederate Battle Flag

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Wool, 55 x 91 inches
Unconserved

TSLAC 306-4044
Confederate Battle Flag (20th Century)

In the early 20th century, this flag design became a popular and widely recognized symbol of "Dixie." As such, the flag occasioned little controversy as late as World War II, when southern units carried this flag into battle as a symbol of their regional pride. In the 1950s, the flag was adopted as a symbol of resistance to the civil rights movement and became the extremely controversial symbol that it remains today.

This machine-made flag is well-worn. A working theory holds that it may have flown over the Texas Confederate Home (1886-1963). The home operated at 1600 West Sixth Street in Austin and provided shelter and nursing care for indigent and disabled Confederate veterans. It became a state-run facility in 1891 and served over 2000 veterans of the Civil War. The last Civil War veteran to live at the home died in 1953. The home continued to provide service to veterans of the Spanish-American War and World War I until it was closed in 1963. The buildings were demolished in 1970.

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Conservation report (PDF)

1980 Conservator's report - Panhandle Plains Historical Museum

 

More from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission:
Under the Rebel Flag: Life in Texas During the Civil War