Celebrate the 176th anniversary of Texas Independence!
Below are just a few images that help tell the story of Texas' fight for independence. You can learn more visiting our online exhibit, Texas 175: A Dozen Documents That Made a Difference.
Texas 175 offers even more images and descriptions of some of Texas' most important historical documents, including the Texas Declaration of Independence and Travis's Letter from the Alamo, which is also currently on display through March 31, 2012, in the lobby of the Lorenzo de Zavala State Archives and Library building in Austin.
Map of the State of Coahuila and Texas, 1836
Texas was part of a Mexican state before colonists rebelled in 1836. This 1836 map features more than geography; it also includes the locations of Indian tribes and herds of wild horses, cattle, and buffalo.
Texas Declaration of Independence, March 2, 1836
A free and independent Republic of Texas was officially declared March 2, 1836, when the 54 delegates -- each representing one of the settlements in Texas -- approved the Texas Declaration of Independence. After the delegates signed the original declaration, 5 copies were made and dispatched to the designated Texas towns of Bexar, Goliad, Nacogdoches, Brazoria, and San Felipe. 1000 copies were ordered printed in handbill form.
Dawn at the Alamo, by Henry McArdle (1905)
The pyre was constructed about three o'clock in the afternoon of March 6, and was lighted about five according to San Antonio alcalde (mayor) Francisco Antonio Ruiz, a supporter of the Texian cause: "The gallantry of the few Texans who defended the Alamo was really wondered at by the Mexican army."
The Battle of San Jacinto, by Henry McArdle (1895)
With cries of "Remember the Alamo" and "Remember Goliad" ringing along their lines, Sam Houston and his troops turned the tables on Santa Anna’s pursuing army at San Jacinto. 630 Mexicans were killed and 730 taken prisoner. Texans lost only 9 killed.