PART I: SECONDARY DATA REPORT

II. TEXAS LIBRARY SYSTEMS

The Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC) created ten Library Systems. The Library Systems vary in the number of their member libraries and in the population size they serve. The Library Systems include:

  • The Alamo Area Library System (AALS), headquartered in San Antonio, with 44 member libraries and one non-member.
  • The Big Country Library System (BCLS), headquartered in Abilene, with 37 member and five non-member libraries.
  • The Central Texas Library System (CTLS), headquartered in Austin, with 67 member and four non-member libraries.
  • The Houston Area Library System (HALS), headquartered in Houston, with 67 member and two non-member libraries. � The Northeast Texas Library System (NETLS), headquartered in Garland, with 98 member and eight non-member libraries.
  • The North Texas Regional Library System (NTRLS), headquartered in Fort Worth, with 71 member and one non-member libraries.
  • The South Texas Library System (STLS), headquartered in Corpus Christi, with 52 member and two non-member libraries.
  • The Texas Panhandle Library System (TPLS), headquartered in Amarillo, with 28 member and three non-member libraries.
  • The Texas Trans-Pecos Library System (TTPLS), headquartered in El Paso, with 15 member libraries and one non-member.
  • The West Texas Library System (WTLS), headquartered in Lubbock, with 34 member and one non-member library.

1. Library Systems Funding

Funding to Library Systems consists of both State of Texas General Revenue as well as Federal LSTA monies. Funding is awarded based on a formula established in statute. The total amount of money available does not change significantly from year to year. Funding allocations to individual Systems change because of significant population shifts and TSLAC's decision to fund more from LSTA one year and more from state General Revenue funds the following year. Section 441.138 states that: Twenty-five percent of system operation grants shall be apportioned equally among the major resource systems and regional library systems that are operating under commission-approved programs of services, budgets, and bylaws or contracts, and the remaining 75 percent of these grants shall be apportioned among those systems on a per capita basis determined by the most recent decennial census or the most recent official population estimate of the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Funding differences can be seen when grant amounts are analyzed by the size of the population within each Library System's area of service. For example, per capita funding ranged from $0.35 to $0.81 in FY 2000.

Table II.1

Library Systems

Population

FY 2000 Per Capita

TOTAL*

AALS

1,864,680

0.42

$775,538

BCLS

465,744

0.74

$343,753

CTLS

2,067,495

0.41

$838,138

HALS

5,214,649

0.35

$1,809,513

NETLS

3,868,437

0.36

$1,394,003

NTRLS

2,244,225

0.40

$892,686

STLS

1,834,641

0.42

$766,267

TPLS

395,117

0.81

$321,954

TTPLS

760,131

0.57

$434,616

WTLS

724,218

0.58

$423,532

Totals

19,439,337

0.41

$8,000,000

* Includes LSTA and state matching funds.

2. Library System Services

The Library Systems provided services to member libraries in several areas:

  • Collection development
  • Consulting
  • Continuing education
  • Technical support
  • Disadvantaged services, including services to older adults, homebound, limited English proficient, etc.
  • Automation, networked resources

The largest share of funds--41 percent--was allocated in FY 2000 to collection development. Library Systems allocated, on average, 22 percent to administration. Library Systems allocated, on average, 15 percent to consulting, technical support, publicity, and reference services. Library Systems allocated 11 percent, on average, to technology (networked resources, automation, resource sharing); six percent to continuing education, and five percent to services to disadvantaged populations Library Systems differed in the percent of funding they allocated to each of these services. For example, in FY 2000 NETLS allocated more than one-half of its funds to collection development while STLS allocated only 28 percent of its funds to this area. STLS allocated the largest share of its funds--33 percent--to consulting and technical support while TTPLS, BCLS, and WTLS allocated only seven to nine percent to these services. CTLS allocated 13.4 percent to continuing education services, the highest share among all Library Systems. HALS had the highest share among Library Systems allocated to automation. TTPLS had the highest share of funds among library Systems allocated to services to disadvantaged populations.

Table II.2


FY 2000

Systems

Administration, Cash Reserve*

Collection Development, Read for Your Life, Audio Visual

Consulting, Technical Support, Publicity, Reference backup

Continuing Education

Disadvantaged Services

Networked Resources, Automation, Resource Sharing

AALS

21.0%

39.5%

15.2%

6.9%

6.4%

11.0%

BCLS

34.8%

41.5%

7.8%

2.3%

3.1%

10.5%

CTLS

16.6%

38.0%

17.2%

13.4%

6.7%

8.1%

HALS

21.2%

44.4%

5.5%

2.9%

5.3%

20.6%

NETLS

11.5%

53.3%

14.2%

9.6%

3.0%

8.3%

NTRLS

31.2%

30.2%

26.1%

3.4%

7.4%

1.7%

STLS

25.4%

27.9%

32.6%

3.9%

4.4%

5.7%

TPLS

23.0%

31.2%

26.0%

4.5%

2.3%

12.9%

TTPLS

26.9%

44.0%

7.2%

5.1%

9.1%

7.7%

WTLS

33.0%

44.2%

8.6%

2.9%

3.2%

8.0%

Average

22.1%

40.9%

15.3%

5.9%

5.2%

10.6%

* NTRLS is the only Library System required to have a cash reserve because of their nonprofit tax status.

3. Library Systems Activities by Year: 1998-2001

This section provides summaries by year of the LSTA-funded activities conducted by each Library System.

FY 1998 LSTA-funded Projects

BCLS used $136,273 to help libraries purchase and support email accounts and automated projects.

TPLS used $87,419 to complete a five-year project to automate member libraries, provide a shared computer system and online catalog, and provide Internet connections for all members through collaboration with the Harrington Library Consortium (HLC). HLC is a consortium of academic, public and school libraries sharing the cost of electronic resources and connections. TPLS and HLC staff provided training for libraries in the use of the electronic resources.

CTLS used $311,008 to create a database of MARC records and to fund a CD-ROM program for small libraries to share resources and complete conversion of records.

STLS used $105,642 to provide Internet access for member libraries and serve more than 30,000 people with Literacy and ESL programs.

TTPLS used $173,588 to purchase teleconferencing equipment for three member libraries and to support collection development.

NTRLS used $386,004 to help libraries in remote areas purchase equipment for electronic resources.

NETLS used $680,464 to offer collection development support and special services to disadvantaged populations, and continue to help its 92 member libraries to upgrade electronic resources.

HALS used $697,140 to upgrade automation and circulation programs, Internet programs, literacy programs and LES programs, and supported area wide electronic database collections.

WTLS used $177,661 to fund Internet access, hardware, software, and connection costs to member libraries and provided training in the use of these new resources.

AALS used $308,483 to implement the first step of a distance learning and teleconferencing project by providing equipment for four-system libraries outside the San Antonio metropolitan area, thereby offering educational and training opportunities for library staff in these isolated areas. AALS also implemented an "electronic library project" that offered electronic resources, connections, and training in technology for area libraries.

FY 1999 LSTA-funded Projects

BCLS: In addition to a range of general library support services, BCLS used $150,737 to help libraries purchase and support e-mail accounts and automation projects. BCLS provided extensive training on the use of electronic resources. As in the past, the majority of funding was used to support collection development projects.

TPLS used $140,712 to continue its collaboration work. In 1998, TPLS completed a 5-year project to connect system libraries to the Harrington Library Consortium, a consortium of academic, public and school libraries sharing the cost of electronic resources and connections. In addition to providing a range of general services to support the development of libraries, TPLS received in FY1999 a large collaboration grant from the Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund (TIF) to upgrade the Internet connectivity for area libraries.

CTLS: In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, CTLS used $363,829 to respond to the needs of area libraries by providing access to electronic databases for area libraries. CTLS staff provided aid to local libraries in writing TIF grants for Internet connectivity and offered extensive training in the uses of electronic databases. CTLS staff also provided a 12-month long-range planning process for area libraries.

STLS: In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, STLS used $332,823 to continue to provide Internet access to member libraries and helped the libraries write grants for the TIF to connect the libraries to electronic resources. STLS continued to provide funding for ESL and Literacy projects for the large number of libraries on the border with Mexico. These projects served a total of 49,232 persons.

TTPLS: TPLS increased its membership to 14 libraries in addition to the El Paso Public Library by adding one area library. In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, TTPLS used $188,440 to continue to provide collection development funds to area libraries and to help smaller libraries with automation projects and Internet connectivity projects.

NTRLS: In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, NTRLS used $386,575 to develop a new Youth Services project to help libraries serve the youth in urban areas and in remote rural areas. NTRLS continued to help libraries apply for TIF grants. For those libraries that could not participate in the TIF program, NTRLS helped provide Internet connectivity.

NETLS: NETLS added four member libraries for a total of 96 members. In addition to a range of services that support the development of libraries, NETLS used $605,617 to complete a planning process targeted at better serving the increasing number of member libraries and deciding which services NETLS should emphasize for the next four years. NETLS also spent much time and funding on training libraries to prepare TIF grants and using electronic resources.

HALS: In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, HALS used $789,243 to add to the funding of Houston Public Library projects and electronic databases for the main library and branches. HALS also provided funding for automation, electronic resources, upgrades for hardware and software, and consulted to member libraries on the preparation of TIF grants. HALS funded Literacy, ESL, and Older Adult projects for all member libraries.

WTLS: In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, WTLS used $185,688 to help 26 member libraries apply for and receive TIF grants to connect their libraries to the Internet and pay for necessary hardware and software. WTLS also helped train area librarians in the use of electronic resources. WTLS continued to provide member libraries with funding for literacy projects, and even with limited funds, was able to provide help to over 13,000 persons.

AALS: In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, AALS used $337,836 to provide satellite dishes and fund distance learning projects for area libraries. AALS continued to emphasize the advantages of distance learning for those libraries located in remote areas.

FY 2000 LSTA-funded Projects

BCLS was awarded in FY 2000: $201,611 from LSTA, and $142,142 in state matching funds for a total of $343,753. In FY 2000, BCLS served 440,088 patrons. BCLS provided funding for libraries to purchase and support email and automation projects, and provided training in the use of electronic resources. The majority of funds supported collection development including regular print and other format materials. BCLS made large print materials available because16 percent of its population is 65 or older.

TPLS was awarded a total of $321,954: $188,826 from LSTA and $133,128 in state matching funds. In FY 2000 TPLS served 377,830 patrons. TPLS targeted services towards collection development and consulting and continuing education. All but one of the TPLS member libraries is rural and isolated. Individuals without formal library education manage 26 of the 33 TPLS member libraries. TPLS answered reference questions that local libraries with limited resources could not answer, helped upgrade computer resources, and assisted libraries with technology issues on a regular basis.

CTLS was awarded a total of $838,138: $491,568 from LSTA, $346,570 in state matching funds. In FY2000, CTLS served 1,705,935 patrons. CTLS provided grant writing assistance, consulted on youth services, collection development and technology, as well as provided training in the use of electronic databases. CTLS offered more than 30 continuing education opportunities; over 700 people received training.

STLS was awarded a total of $766,267: 449,416 from LSTA and $316,851 in state matching funds. In FY 2000, STLS served 1,734,947 patrons. STLS provided Internet access to member libraries, helped libraries with TIF grant writing, and funded ESL and literacy projects for area libraries. Over 50 percent of area residents over age 25 have not completed high school.

TTPLS was awarded a total of $434,616: $254,902 from LSTA and $179,714 in state matching funds. In FY 2000 TTPLS served 759,760 patrons. TTPLS provided collection development funds as well as continuing education training.

NTRLS was awarded a total of $892,686: $523,560 from LSTA and $369,126 in state matching funds. In FY 2000 NTRLS served 2,010,827 patrons. NTRLS continued the Youth Services project, designed to help libraries serve both urban and rural youth. NTRLS also hired a grant writer to assist member libraries in TIF grant applications, and other privately funded grant applications. NTRLS provided training to 393 people, supporting the continuing education needs of its libraries, 60 percent of which do not have an American Library Association accredited librarian on staff.

NETLS was awarded a total of $1,394,003: $817,583 from LSTA and $576,420 in state matching funds. In FY 2000 NETLS served 3,663,667 patrons. NETLS funded the purchase of two microcomputers for libraries without a computer. NETLS began the planning and development of distance learning videoconferencing facilities. NETLS has the largest number of member libraries (98) of the Texas Library Systems and provides a full range of consulting, continuing education, collection development, and technology assistance to its membership.

HALS was awarded a total of $1,809,513: $1,061,279 from LSTA and $748,234 in state matching funds. In FY 2000, HALS served 5,042,603 patrons. HALS provided funding for automation, electronic resources, upgrades for hardware and software, and consulting on the preparation of TIF grants. HALS funded ESL, Literacy and Older Adults projects for all member libraries. This funding included five grants of $5,500 each for materials and tutor training for library-based literacy programs, and four grants of $5,000 each for materials and tutor training for libraries providing ESL programs.

WTLS was awarded a total of $423,532: $248,402 from LSTA and $175,130 in state matching funds. In FY 2000 WTLS served 718,854 patrons. WTLS provided electronic resources to 5,907 individuals while providing training in electronic resources for member librarians. WTLS provided funding for literacy projects, and was able to provide literacy training for almost 12,000 people with limited funds.

AALS was awarded a total of $775,538: $454,853 from LSTA and $320,685 from state matching funds. In FY 2000 AALS served 1,866,942 patrons. AALS developed a new incentive formula to equalize distribution of collection development funds throughout the system. AALS provided consulting services focused on collection development and management and new library director training. Only 13 of 43 member library directors have an advanced degree in library sciences. AALS also provided training in the use of electronic resources, assistance with grant writing and services to disadvantaged populations.

FY 2001 LSTA-funded Projects

BCLS was awarded $201,393 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 BCLS presented four continuing education workshops for member libraries at multiple locations for a total of 159 hours. The majority of the funding went to support collection development projects, especially large print materials that are in great demand because 16 percent of the population is 65 or older.

TPLS was awarded $188,500 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 TPLS targeted its services to collection development, consulting, and continuing education. TPLS staff assisted member libraries with reference questions and technology issues. Individuals without a formal library education manage 26 of the 33 member libraries in the TPLS service area. TPLS provided training or assistance to 6,195 library staff.

CTLS was awarded $495,072 in LSTA funds. CTLS, which serves a 30-county area, provided collection development expertise, consulting, training, and assistance with library automation and services to youth to over 70 member libraries in FY2001. CTLS has a circuit and deposit collection program with more than 3,000 large print books. CTLS sponsored 53 workshops and generated nearly 5,000 student hours with CTLS staff providing the training.

STLS was awarded $450,522 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001, STLS offered funding to member libraries for English as a second language and literacy projects. More than 25 percent of the adults over 25 who reside in the STLS service area did not complete high school. In FY 2001, 94,150 adults attended these sessions.

TTPLS was awarded $254,057 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 TTPLS provided collection development funds and continuing education services to member libraries. TTPLS provided more than 11,000 materials to member libraries and hired a part-time grant writer to assist libraries in locating and applying for alternative sources of funds.

NTRLS was awarded $529,842 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 NTRLS provided independent consultants to libraries with limited resources through its Helpful Energetic Library Planners (HELP) program to assist libraries in different long-term projects. These consultants helped with building plans, marketing, and technology. NTRLS also provided training to 508 library staff; only 41 percent of its member libraries have accredited librarians.

NETLS was awarded $823,022 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 NETLS provided consulting, continuing education, collection development, and technology assistance to its member libraries. NETLS provided 28 training workshops and assisted or trained 29,007 library staff members.

HALS was awarded $1,067,850 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 HALS provided funding for automation, electronic resources, hardware and software upgrades, and consulting on the preparation of TIF grants to member libraries. HALS also funded literacy, ESL, and Older Adults projects for all member libraries. This funding included five $5,500 grants for materials and tutor training for library-based literacy programs and four $5,000 grants for materials and tutor training in member libraries with ESL projects. In FY 2001 HALS sponsored literacy and ESL classes attended by 22,726 individuals and funded the purchase of 35,000 library materials.

WTLS was awarded $247,355 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 WTLS provided literacy training to 16,615 individualsand 12 workshops attended by 181 individuals. Only five of WTLS 33 member libraries have professionally trained librarians. WTLS provided training and assistance to more than 11,000 individuals.

AALS was awarded $457,303 in LSTA funds. In FY 2001 AALS staff worked with member libraries to strengthen and diversify their library collections.

4. Library Systems Activities and Performance

The following tables show the amount of LSTA funding each Library System received over the 1998-2001 period, the services it provided each year and its performance vis-a-vis materials provided, library staff trained and assisted, and number of persons who received LSTA-funded services.

Table II.3


Big Country Library System (BCLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$136,273

BCLS helped libraries purchase and support email accounts and automated projects.

1999

$150,737

In addition to a range of general library support services, BCLS provided funds to help libraries purchase and support email accounts and automation projects, and provided extensive training on the use of electronic resources. As in the past, the majority of funding was used to support collection development projects.

2000

$201,611

BCLS served: 440,088 patrons. BCLS provided funding for libraries to purchase and support e-mail and automation projects, and provided training in the use of electronic resources. The majority of funds supported collection development, in regular print, large print, and other format materials as well.

2001

$201,393

BCLS presented four continuing education workshops for member libraries at multiple locations for a total of 159 hours. The majority of the funding went to support collection development projects, especially large print materials that are in great demand because 16 percent of the population is 65 or older.

Big Country Library System (BCLS)

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

4,886

8,943

4,163

7,619

Number of librarians trained or assisted

1,918

13,008

12,535

361

Number of persons using project sponsored services

21,223

53,561

42,972

23,296




Table II.4


Texas Panhandle Library System (TPLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$87,419

TPLS completed a five-year project to automate member libraries, provide a shared computer system and online catalog. TPLS provided Internet connections for all members through collaboration with the Harrington Library Consortium (HLC). HLC is a consortium of academic, public and school libraries sharing the cost of electronic resources and connections. TPLS and HLC staff provided training for libraries in the use of the electronic resources.

1999

$140,712

TPLS continued its collaboration work. In 1998, TPLS completed a 5-year project to connect system libraries to the Harrington Library Consortium, a consortium of academic, public and school libraries sharing the cost of electronic resources and connections. In addition to providing a range of general services to support the development of libraries, TPLS received in FY 1999 a large collaboration grant from the Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund to upgrade Internet connectivity for area libraries.

2000

$188,826

TPLS served: 377,830 patrons. TPLS targeted services towards collection development, consulting and continuing education. All but one of the member libraries are rural and isolated. Individuals without formal library education manage 26 of the 33 member libraries. TPLS answered reference questions that local libraries with limited resources could not answer, helped upgrade computer resources and assisted libraries with technology issues on a regular basis.

2001

$188,500

TPLS targeted its services to collection development, consulting and continuing education. TPLS staff assisted member libraries with reference questions and technology issues as individuals without a formal library education managed nearly 80 percent of the member libraries in the TPLS service area. TPLS provided training or assistance to 6,195 library staff.

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

4,042

5,519

327

9,968

Number of librarians trained or assisted

1,375

3,299

9,075

8,022

Number of persons using project sponsored services

24,483

77,980

125,281

132,906

Table II.5


Central Texas Library System (CTLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$311,008

CTLS created a database of MARC records and funded a CD-ROM program for small libraries to share resources and complete conversion of records.

1999

$363,829

In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, CTLS responded to the needs of area libraries by providing to them access to electronic databases. CTLS staff provided aid to local libraries in writing TIF grants for Internet connectivity. CTLS offered extensive training in the uses of electronic databases. CTLS staff also provided a 12-month long-range planning process for area libraries.

2000

$491,568

CTLS served: 1,705,935 patrons. CTLS provided grant writing assistance, consulting in youth services, collection development and technology, as well as training in the use of electronic databases. CTLS offered more than 30 continuing education opportunities; over 700 people received training.

2001

$495,072

CTLS which serves a 30-county area provided in FY 2001 collection development expertise, consulting, training, and assistance with library automation and services to youth to over 70 member libraries. CTLS had a circuit and deposit collection program with more than 3,000 large print books. CTLS sponsored 53 workshops and generated nearly 5,000 student hours with CTLS staff providing the training.

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

16,673

154,946

1,015

343,789

Number of librarians trained or assisted

3,065

5,933

34,171

5,721

Number of persons using project sponsored services

59,871

128,613

51,464

165,507




Table II.6


South Texas Library System (STLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$105,642

STLS provided Internet access for member libraries and served more than 30,000 people with literacy and ESL programs.

1999

$332,823

In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, STLS continued to provide Internet access to member libraries and helped the libraries write TIF grants to connect the libraries to electronic resources. STLS continued to provide funding for ESL and Literacy projects to meet the needs of the large number of area libraries on the border with Mexico. These projects served a total of 49,232 persons.

2000

$449,416

STLS served 1,734,947 patrons. STLS provided Internet access to member libraries and helped libraries in TIF grant writing to connect libraries to electronic resources. STLS funded ESL and Literacy projects for area libraries because over 50 percent of area residents over age 25 have not completed high school.

2001

$450,522

STLS offered funding to member libraries for English as a Second Language (ESL) and Literacy projects; 94,150 adults attended these sessions.

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

4,381

19,873

12,586

17,424

Number of librarians trained or assisted

650

966

1,326

1,316

Number of persons using project sponsored services

25,198

56,702

57,800

51,635

Table II.7


Texas Trans-Pecos Library System (TTPLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$173,588

TTPLS purchased teleconferencing equipment for three member libraries and supported collection development.

1999

$188,440

TTPLS increased its membership by one area library, to 14 libraries in addition to the El Paso Public Library. In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, TTPLS continued to provide collection development funds to area libraries and to help smaller libraries with automation projects and Internet connectivity projects.

2000

$254,902

TTPLS served 759,760 patrons. TTPLS provided collection development funds as well as continuing education training.

2001

$254,057

TTPLS provided collection development funds and continuing education services to member libraries. TTPLS provided more than 11,000 materials to member libraries and hired a part-time grant writer to assist libraries in locating and applying for alternative sources of funds

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

103

13,823

5,013

16,296

Number of librarians trained or assisted

650

988

409

1,406

Number of persons using project sponsored services

338

2,705

3,640

13,495




Table II.8


North Texas Regional Library System (NTRLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$386,004

NTRLS helped libraries located in remote areas purchase equipment for electronic resources.

1999

$386,575

n addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, NTRLS developed a new Youth Services project to help libraries serve the youth in urban areas and in remote rural areas. NTRLS continued to provide assist libraries in applying for TIF grants; for those libraries that could not participate in the TIF program, NTRLS helped provide Internet connectivity.

2000

$523,560

NTRLS served 2,010,827 patrons. NTRLS continued the Youth Services project designed to help libraries serve both urban and rural youth. NTRLS also hired a grant writer to assist member libraries with TIF grant applications and with other privately funded grant applications. NTRLS provided training to 393 people, supporting the continuing education needs of its libraries, 60 percent of which do not have an American Library Association accredited librarian on staff.

2001

$529,842

NTRLS provided independent consultants to libraries with limited resources through its Helpful Energetic Library Planners (HELP) program to assist libraries in different long-term projects. These consultants helped with building plans, marketing and technology. NTRLS also provided training to 508 library staff; only 41 percent of the member libraries have accredited librarians.

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

15,779

16,893

9,226

118,453

Number of librarians trained or assisted

5,911

20,123

79,623

5,324

Number of persons using project sponsored services

28,390

68,308

63,790

67,656




Table II.9


Northeast Texas Library System (NETLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$680,464

NETLS offered collection development support and special services to disadvantaged populations, and continued to help its 92 member libraries to upgrade electronic resources.

1999

$605,617

NETLS added four member libraries for a total of 96 members. In addition to a range of services that supported the development of libraries, NETLS completed a planning process targeted at better serving the increasing number of member libraries and deciding which services NETLS should emphasize for the next four years. NETLS also spent much time and funding on training librarians in the preparation of TIF grants and in the use of electronic resources.

2000

$817,583

NETLS served 3,663,667 patrons. NETLS funded the purchase of two microcomputers for libraries without a computer. NETLS began planning and development of distance learning videoconferencing facilities. NETLS has the largest number of member libraries (98) of the Texas systems and provides a full range of consulting, continuing education, collection development and technology assistance to its membership.

2001

$823,022

NETLS provided consulting, continuing education, collection development and technology assistance to its member libraries. NETLS provided 28 training workshops and assisted or trained 29,007 library staff members

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

16,312

273,510

36,758

693,455

Number of librarians trained or assisted

1,702

3,979

23,012

19,445

Number of persons using project sponsored services

119,951

231,341

222,063

243,051




Table II.10


Houston Area Library System (HALS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$697,140

HALS upgraded its automation and circulation programs, Internet programs, literacy programs and ESL programs, and supported area wide electronic database collections.

1999

$789,243

In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, HALS added to the funding of Houston Public Library projects and electronic databases for the main library and branches. HALS also provided funding for automation, electronic resources, upgrades for hardware and software, and consulting on TIF grants applications to member libraries. HALS funded Literacy, ESL, and Older Adult projects for all member libraries.

2000

$1,061,279

HALS served 5,042,603 patrons. HALS provided funding for automation, electronic resources, upgrades for hardware and software, and consulting for TIF grant applications. HALS funded ESL, Literacy and Older Adults projects for all member libraries. This funding included five grants of $5,500 each for materials and tutor training for library-based literacy programs, and four grants of $5,000 each for materials and tutor training for libraries providing ESL programs.

2001

$1,067,850

HALS provided funding for automation, electronic resources, hardware and software upgrades, and consulting on TIF grant preparation to member libraries. HALS also funded literacy, ESL, and Older Adults projects for all member libraries. This funding included five $5,500 grants for materials and tutor training for library-based literacy programs and four $5,000 grants for materials and tutor training in member libraries with ESL projects. In FY 2001 HALS sponsored literacy and ESL classes attended by 22,726 individuals and funded the purchase of 35,000 library materials.

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

27,624

245,532

42,060

33,573,593

Number of librarians trained or assisted

699

29,091

22,444

1,552

Number of persons using project sponsored services

337,432

838,850

19,505,134

33,998,378




Table II.11


West Texas Library System (WTLS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$177,661

WTLS provided Internet access, hardware, software, and connection costs to member libraries and training for using new resources.

1999

$185,688

In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, WTLS helped 26 member libraries apply for and receive TIF grants to connect the libraries to the Internet and pay for hardware and software to do so. WTLS also helped train area librarians in the use of electronic resources. WTLS continued to provide member libraries with funding for literacy projects, and even with limited funds, was able to provide help to over 13,000 persons.

2000

$248,402

WTLS served 718,854 patrons. WTLS provided electronic resources to 5,907 individuals while providing training in electronic resources for member librarians. WTLS provided funding for literacy projects, and was able to provide literacy training for almost 12,000 people with limited funds.

2001

$247,355

WTLS provided literacy training to 16,615 individuals. WTLS also offered 12 workshops attended by 181 individuals. Only five of WTLS 33 member libraries have professionally trained librarians. WTLS provided training and assistance to more than 11,000 individuals.

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

10,385

14,619

10,554

12,100

Number of librarians trained or assisted

1,095

5,194

6,460

2,385

Number of persons using project sponsored services

35,817

87,559

84,760

176,048




Table II.12


Alamo Area Library System (AALS)

Year

LSTA Award

Activities

1998

$308,483

AALS implemented the first step of a distance learning and teleconferencing project by providing equipment for four-system libraries outside the San Antonio metropolitan area, thereby offering educational and training opportunities for library staff in these isolated areas. AALS also initiated an "electronic library project" that offered electronic resources, connections, and training in technology for area libraries.

1999

$337,836

In addition to a range of general services that support the development of libraries, AALS used its $337,836 grant to provide satellite dishes and funded distance learning projects for area libraries, and continued to emphasize the advantages of distance learning for those libraries in remote areas

2000

$775,538

AALS served 1,866,942 patrons. AALS developed a new incentive formula to equalize distribution of collection development funds throughout the system. AALS provided consulting services focused on collection development and management, new library director training as only 13 of 43 member library directors have an advanced degree in library sciences. AALS also provided training in the use of electronic resources, grant writing and services to disadvantaged populations.

2001

$457,303

AALS staff worked with member libraries to strengthen and diversify their library collections. AALS required that member libraries spend 20 percent of their collection development funds to purchase materials for underserved or rural populations. Funding was earmarked for children's materials, audio books, large print books or Spanish language materials.

Key Performance Measures

1998

1999

2000

2001

Number of materials provided

10,967

598,095

2,717

279,635

Number of librarians trained or assisted

1,462

13,008

12,535

361

Number of persons using project sponsored services

250,404

1,132,983

273,940

379,166

5. Performance Measures

The TSLAC uses several key measures of Library System performance.

  • Number of materials provided to libraries.
  • Number of persons using project sponsored services.
  • Number of librarians trained or assisted.

The following tables show Library Systems performance by year on each of these performance measures.

Table II.13


Materials Provided to Libraries

Library Systems

1997-98

1998-99

1999-2000

2000-01

# of Materials Provided

% of Target

# of Materials Provided

% of Target

# of Materials Provided

% of Target

# of Materials Provided

% of Target

AALS

10,967

41.0%

598,096

2326.9%

2,717

123.0%

279,635

368.9%

BCLS

4,886

68.0%

8,943

127.6%

4,163

84.0%

7,619

66.3%

CTLS

16,673

106.0%

154,946

1069.7%

1,015

130.8%

343,789

466.2%

HALS

27,624

56.0%

245,532

504.3%

42,060

128.0%

33,573,593

43408.6%

NETLS

16,312

44.0%

273,510

777.5%

36,758

207.0%

693,455

119.5%

NTRLS

15,779

99.0%

16,893

101.8%

9,226

189.0%

118,453

272.2%

STLS

4,381

55.0%

19,873

258.7%

12,586

152.0%

17,424

108.0%

TPLS

4,042

71.0%

5,519

124.7%

327

306.0%

9,968

196.6%

TTPLS

103

2.0%

13,823

272.1%

5,013

97.0%

16,296

207.1%

WTLS

10,385

41.0%

14,619

102.0%

10,554

165.0%

12,100

42.6%




Table II.14


Training and Assistance Provided to Librarians

Library Systems

1997-98

1998-99

1999-2000

2000-01

# Trained/Assisted

% of Target

# Trained/Assisted

% of Target

# Trained/Assisted

% of Target

# Trained/ Assisted

% of Target

AALS

1,462

24.0%

7,810

128.2%

6,299

87.0%

7,641

3.3%

BCLS

1,918

256.0%

13,008

1794.2%

12,535

174.0%

361

-63.9%

CTLS

3,065

82.0%

5,933

158.0%

34,171

475.0%

5,721

-31.9%

HALS

699

46.0%

29,091

1864.8%

22,444

312.0%

1,552

-23.2%

NETLS

1,702

38.0%

3,979

89.5%

23,012

320.0%

19,445

-27.1%

NTRLS

5,911

203.0%

20,123

690.3%

79,623

1106.0%

5,324

308.6%

STLS

650

57.0%

966

81.1%

1,326

18.0%

1,316

11.9%

TPLS

1,375

48.0%

3,299

114.9%

9,075

126.0%

8,022

125.1%

TTPLS

650

9.0%

988

51.0%

409

6.0%

1,406

40.9%

WTLS

1,095

67.0%

5,194

318.6%

6,460

90.0%

2,385

63.9%

Table II.15


Persons Using Project Sponsored Services

Library Systems

1997-98

1998-99

1999-2000

2000-01

# of Persons

% of Target

# of Persons

% of Target

# of Persons

% of Target

# of Persons

% of Target

AALS

250,404

58.0%

1,132,983

259.0%

273,940

142.7%

379,166

190.2%

BCLS

21,223

38.0%

53,561

96.5%

42,972

81.0%

23,296

43.6%

CTLS

59,871

22.0%

128,613

46.8%

51,464

122.3%

165,507

223.7%

HALS

377,432

46.0%

838,850

104.0%

19,505,134

2185.5%

33,998,378

3865.4%

NETLS

119,951

36.0%

231,341

70.1%

222,063

30.3%

243,051

43.5%

NTRLS

28,390

61.0%

68,308

146.1%

63,790

107.9%

67,656

114.5%

STLS

25,198

44.0%

56,702

100.1%

57,800

109.7%

51,635

91.9%

TPLS

24,483

58.0%

77,980

184.9%

125,281

187.3%

132,906

198.0%

TTPLS

338

4.0%

2,705

27.4%

3,640

93.0%

13,495

311.8%

WTLS

35,817

19.0%

87,559

45.4%

84,760

43.6%

176,048

93.5%

The longitudinal tables show Library Systems' activity level within a specific year and across the four year spread. The data show that Library Systems provided a large volume of materials, that they trained and assisted a large group of librarians, and that a large number of persons used the services funded through the LSTA grants.

The data, however, does not lend itself to drawing any additional conclusions beyond the demonstration of a high volume of activities on the part of the Library Systems and their member libraries. The data indicate that the level of activity across the years is inconsistent; that is, it does not increase or decrease in any systematic manner for individual Library Systems or for the group as a whole. Similarly, the extent to which Library Systems met their targets within a certain year or across the four-year period is also highly inconsistent. This indicates that setting targets as a tool for measuring performance has not been useful. Finally, the performance measures do not shed any light on the effectiveness of these services or the benefits these services had for library staff and patrons.

Part One, Section One | Part One, Section Three

Page last modified: March 2, 2011