3. Curriculum Integration

The School Library Programs: Standards and Guidelines for Texas emphasize the curriculum integration role of librarians. Librarians are expected to collaborate with teachers through formal planning sessions to develop, implement, and evaluate learning experiences in a flexibly scheduled environment and to teach problem-solving process models and literature application. Librarians are also expected to direct and encourage students, both individually and in groups, in problem-driven research, in the application of information to solve problems, and in the use of technology to locate, gather, and synthesize relevant information.

The survey listed 16 activities librarians are expected to perform and gathered data on the number of hours in a typical week that library staff spend on each of these tasks. The activities were divided into three categories:

  • Program administration
  • Information access and delivery
  • Learning and teaching

As seen in the table below, the ten top activities, exclusive of the performance of basic library activities, that library staff spend most hours on, are similar across educational levels.

Table III.26 Curriculum Integration Activities
Elementary School Libraries Middle/Junior High School Libraries High School Libraries
Reading incentive activities Managing library technology Managing library technology
Managing library technology Teaching cooperatively with teachers Literacy information skills instruction
Literacy information skills instruction Literacy information skills instruction Teaching cooperatively with teachers
Administering electronic reading programs Administering electronic reading programs Identifying materials for instructional units developed by teachers
Teaching cooperatively with teachers Identifying materials for instructional units developed by teachers Administering electronic reading programs
Identifying materials for instructional units developed by teachers Reading incentive activities Planning instructional units with teachers
Planning instructional units with teachers Planning instructional units with teachers Reading incentive activities
Planning in curriculum, technology, planning committees Participating in curriculum, technology, planning committees Participating in curriculum, technology, planning committees
Attending family meetings Providing staff development to teachers Meeting with library staff in district
Assisting teachers to access or utilize state initiative information Assisting teachers to access or utilize state initiative information Assisting teachers to access or utilize state initiative information

However, not all libraries engage in these activities. For example,

  • About 60 percent of the libraries provide staff development to teachers.
  • In two-thirds to three-quarters of the libraries librarians teach cooperatively with teachers.
  • In about 80 percent of the libraries, librarians plan instructional units with teachers.
  • In 75 to 83 percent of the libraries, librarians participate in curriculum, technology, or planning committees.
Table III.27 School Library Staff Activities
Mean Hours per Week Elementary Schools (267) Middle/Junior High Schools (104) High Schools (129)
Mean Hours % Mean Hours % Mean Hours %
Learning and Teaching:
Planning instructional units with teachers 1.45 78.6% 1.86 81.7% 1.87 81.4%
Teaching cooperatively with teachers 2.94 67.4% 4.73 74.0% 5.96 75.2%
Providing staff development to teachers or other school staff 0.63 60.3% 0.92 61.5% 0.94 59.7%
Meetings with building or district curriculum, technology, planning, school improvement committees, teams, etc. 1.12 83.1% 1.37 77.9% 1.13 75.2%
Assisting individuals or groups of teachers to access or utilize state initiative information 0.94 47.6% 0.87 41.3% 0.99 36.4%
Information Access and Delivery:
Performing basic library activities (checking in and out, reshelving, processing, retrieving) 24.71 97.0% 25.48 97.1% 37.68 96.1%
Identifying materials for instructional units developed by teachers 2.79 92.1% 3.26 88.5% 4.83 93.0%
Providing information skills instruction 4.21 83.5% 4.25 81.7% 7.23 87.6%
Providing reading incentive activities 7.17 97.4% 2.91 76.0% 1.82 64.3%
Program Administration:
Managing library technology 5.16 88.4% 6.76 88.5% 13.46 93.0%
Administering electronic reading programs (Accelerated Reader, Electronic Bookshelf, etc.) 3.48 62.9% 3.91 62.5% 2.08 30.2%
Managing inter-library loans 0.55 50.6% 0.41 44.2% 0.76 51.2%
Meeting with building and district library staff 0.82 75.6% 0.82 72.1% 1.20 72.1%
Meeting with library staff outside the district 0.32 26.6% 0.31 28.8% 0.44 42.6%
Meeting with principal or other building or district administrators 0.77 80.9% 0.68 70.2% 0.89 81.4%
Attending faculty or staff meetings 1.00 91.4% 0.84 88.5% 0.91 89.1%

Although the School Library Programs: Standards and Guidelines did not recommend specific amounts of time that librarians should spend on specific activities, library staff spend a very small amount of time on curriculum integration activities which according to the standards and guidelines facilitate "significant learning" by integrating content and process. On average, library staff who engage in these activities spend between 12 to 16 percent of their time on the following teaching and learning activities.

  • Library staff spend between five and eight percent of their time on teaching cooperatively with teachers.
  • Library staff spend between two and three percent of their time planning instructional units with teachers.
  • Library staff spend less than two percent of their time assisting individuals or groups of teachers to access and utilize state initiative information.
  • They spend about one percent of their time per week providing staff development to teachers and other school staff.

Library staff spend a larger percent of their time on student-related activities; activities whose objective was defined by the standards and guidelines to "engage, direct and encourage students, individually and in groups" to apply information to solve problems.

  • Library staff spend between seven and eight percent of their time providing information skills instruction.
  • Library staff spend between two (high school) and 12 (elementary school) percent of their time providing reading incentive activities.
Table III.28 School Library Staff Activities
Mean Hours per Week Elementary Schools (267) Middle/Junior High Schools (104) High Schools (129)
Mean Hours % Mean Hours % Mean Hours %
Learning and Teaching: 7.08 12.1% 9.75 16.4% 10.89 13.2%
Planning instructional units with teachers 1.45 2.5% 1.86 3.1% 1.87 2.3%
Teaching cooperatively with teachers 2.94 5.1% 4.73 8.0% 5.96 7.2%
Providing staff development to teachers or other school staff 0.63 1.1% 0.92 1.5% 0.94 1.1%
Meetings with building or district curriculum, technology, planning, school improvement committees, teams, etc. 1.12 1.9% 1.37 2.3% 1.13 1.4%
Assisting individuals or groups of teachers to access or utilize state initiative information 0.94 1.6% 0.87 1.5% 0.99 1.2%
Information Access and Delivery: 38.88 67.0% 35.90 60.4% 51.56 62.7%
Performing basic library activities (checking in and out, reshelving, processing, retrieving) 24.71 42.6% 25.48 42.9% 37.68 45.8%
Indentifying materials for instructional units developed by teachers 2.79 4.8% 3.26 5.5% 4.83 5.9%
Providing information skills instruction 4.21 7.2% 4.25 7.2% 7.23 8.8%
Providing reading incentive activities 7.17 12.3% 2.91 4.9% 1.82 2.2%
Program Administration 12.1 20.8% 13.73 23.1% 19.74 24.0%
Managing library technology 5.16 8.9% 6.76 11.4% 13.46 16.4%
Administering electronic reading programs (Accelerated Reader, Electronic Bookshelf, etc.) 3.48 6.0% 3.91 6.6% 2.08 2.5%
Managing inter-library loans 0.55 0.9% 0.41 0.7% 0.76 0.9%
Meeting with building and district library staff 0.82 1.4% 0.82 1.4% 1.20 1.5%
Meeting with library staff outside the district 0.32 0.5% 0.31 0.5% 0.44 0.5%
Meeting with principal or other building or district administrators 0.77 1.3% 0.68 1.1% 0.89 1.1%
Attending faculty or staff meetings 1.00 1.7% 0.84 1.4% 0.91 1.1%
Total Mean Hours Per Week 58.06 100.0% 59.38 100.0% 82.19 100.0%

Continue on to Chapter 3, Section 4

 

Page last modified: March 2, 2011