5. Technology Resources

Libraries have a wide range of multimedia and technology-related equipment and systems.

Table III.33 School Library Electronic Equipment
Percent of Libraries with: Elementary


Schools


(267)
Middle/Junior


High Schools


(104)
High


Schools


(129)
An automated circulation system 95.5% 94.2% 91.5%
An automated district wide catalog 46.4% 35.6% 42.6%
An automated catalog accessible through the Internet 43.4% 33.6% 45.0%
A telephone 94.4% 95.2% 96.9%
A fax machine 13.5% 25.0% 31.8%
A CD ROM server 40.4% 46.1% 50.4%
A video projector 62.9% 71.1% 64.3%
A digital camera 55.4% 51.0% 51.9%
A satellite dish 15.0% 30.8% 48.8%
One or more lap tops 21.3% 31.7% 27.1%

Electronic library resources can be accessed through computers in or under library supervision. They can also be accessed by school computers from classrooms and offices and other school facilities, thereby broadening the library's presence throughout the school outside the library's physical location.

Most libraries (97 to 99 percent) have computers. Most of the libraries' computers are current. Between 92 and 95 percent of the libraries indicated that their computers are connected to the Internet. About 90 percent of the libraries also reported that their computers can access the library's catalog and about 81 to 85 percent of the libraries have computers that can access the library's databases. About 70 percent of the libraries have computers with modems. Most of the libraries (94 to 95 percent) also have computers with CD ROM drives.

Table III.34 Percent of Libraries with Computers
Computers Located in or Under Library Supervision Elementary


Schools


(267) %
Middle/Junior


High Schools


(104) %
High Schools


(129) %
Computers 97.4% 98.1% 99.2%
Computer with Internet connection 91.8% 94.2% 94.6%
Computers on a LAN 67.4% 68.3% 73.6%
Computers on a WAN 67.1% 67.3% 65.1%
Computers with access to school library catalog 86.5% 88.5% 86.8%
Computers with access to library databases 81.3% 82.7% 84.5%
Computers with CD ROM drives 94.0% 95.2% 95.3%
Computers with networked access to CD ROM resources 49.8% 51.0% 56.4%
Computers that can display text only 16.1% 16.4% 19.4%
Computers that can display graphics 89.5% 82.3% 93.0%
Computers connected to a modem or equivalent 67.8% 70.2% 72.9%
Computers connected directly or networked to a printer 94.4% 94.1% 97.7%
Computers with any accommodations for persons with disabilities 9.7% 13.5% 21.7%

On average, elementary school libraries have 10 computers in the library or under library supervision. Middle/Junior high libraries have 16 computers. High school libraries have 20 computers. In elementary school libraries, 8.5 out of the 10 computers are connected to the Internet. In middle/junior high school libraries 14 out of the 16 computers have Internet connections as do 16 out of the 20 computers a high school library has, on average.

Table III.35 Library Computers
Computer Located in or Under Library Supervision Elementary Schools


(267)
Middle/Junior High Schools


(104)
High Schools


(129)
Mean Range Mean Range Mean Range
Total number of computers 10.29 1-100 15.97 1-124 19.60 2-87
Computers with Internet connection 8.48 0-100 13.94 0-105 16.34 0-87
Computers on a LAN 6.28 0-75 10.85 0-105 12.79 0-87
Computers on a WAN 6.17 0-78 9.62 0-105 12.20 0-87
Computers with access to school library catalog 7.10 0-100 10.42 0-100 14.30 0-87
Computers with access to library databases 5.47 0-49 9.80 0-100 13.81 0-87
Computers with CD ROM drives 8.99 0-100 13.20 0-102 16.00 0-87
Computers with networked access to CD ROM resources 4.86 0-100 7.12 0-100 10.35 0-87
Computers that can display text only 1.41 0-100 0.72 0-11 1.70 0-54
Computers that can display graphics 8.75 0-100 13.69 0-102 16.99 0-87
Computers connected to a modem or equivalent 5.73 0-78 8.95 0-65 12.53 0-87
Computers connected directly or networked to a printer 8.41 0-78 14.18 0-100 18.35 0-87
Computers with any accommodations for persons with disabilities 0.66 0-49 2.06 0-121 1.01 0-221

Between 65 and 70 percent of the libraries reported that their schools have computers that can access networked library resources. Between 44 and 50 percent of the libraries reported having school computers that can access the library catalog; 42 to 52 percent indicated that their school computers can access the library's databases. About one-third reported that their school computers can access the library's networked CD ROM resources.

Table III.36 Percent of Libraries with School Computers Accessing Networked Library Resources
Percent of Libraries with School Computers From Which Networked Library Resources May Be Accessed Elementary Schools


(267) %
Middle/Junior High Schools


(104) %
High Schools


(129) %
Computers 70.0% 65.4% 68.2%
Computers with Internet connection 60.7% 58.7% 56.6%
Computers on a LAN 48.3% 46.2% 51.2%
Computers on a WAN 44.6% 51.9% 39.5%
Computers with access to school library catalog 45.3% 44.2% 50.4%
Computers with access to library databases 42.0% 46.2% 51.9%
Computers with CD ROM drives 58.8% 56.7% 55.0%
Computers with networked access to CD ROM resources 33.3% 32.7% 33.3%
Computers that can display text only 5.2% 4.8% 3.9%
Computers that can display graphics 56.9% 56.7% 58.9%
Computers connected to a modem or equivalent 43.8% 39.4% 42.6%
Computers connected directly or networked to a printer 59.2% 59.6% 60.5%
Computers with any accommodations for persons with disabilities 24.7% 20.2% 17.1%

On average, elementary schools have 62 computers that can access library resources. Middle/junior high school library resources can be accessed by 97 school computers. High school library resources can be accessed by 159 school computers.

Table III.37 School Computers Accessing Networked Library Resources
Mean Number of Computers in School from which Library Resources may be Accessed Elementary Schools


(267)
Middle/Junior High School


(104)
High Schools


(129)
Mean Range Mean Range Mean Range
Total number of computers 62.11 1-320 97.16 0-850 159.03 2-1880
Computers with Internet connection 51.48 0-304 76.19 0-350 131.66 0-1880
Computers on a LAN 44.95 0-319 58.26 0-105 96.29 0-825
Computers on a WAN 43.14 0-320 84.80 0-850 113.94 0-1880
Computers with access to school library catalog 37.86 0-304 65.47 0-850 108.45 0-1880
Computers with access to library databases 33.11 0-304 70.86 0-850 130.76 0-1880
Computers with CD ROM drives 48.79 0-314 72.21 0-350 122.56 0-1880
Computers with networked access to CD ROM resources 30.26 0-294 51.16 0-688 83.34 0-1880
Computers that can display text only 3.32 0-294 4.72 0-231 4.18 0-450
Computers that can display graphics 51.31 0-304 85.51 0-688 130.60 0-1880
Computers connected to a modem or equivalent 36.92 0-304 60.36 0-688 102.02 0-1880
Computers connected directly or networked to a printer 49.34 0-315 85.34 0-850 136.73 0-1880
Computers with any accommodations for persons with disabilities 4.58 0-190 1.75 0-75 4.16 0-221

Continue on to Chapter 3, Section 6

 

Page last modified: March 2, 2011