4. Library Technology

The introduction of technology into the school, typically through computer labs and the library, has transformed the library and its role in the school. The library has become a center of technology and the librarian a technology leader. Technology has also expanded the physical boundaries of the library. With technology in the library, teachers and students are able to access state, national, and world-wide resources. With the distribution of technology at the classroom level and the capability of classroom computers to access library resources, the library has reached every classroom and school office. No longer do students, teachers, or administrators have to be at the same physical location (i.e. the library) in order to access some of the library's resources. The library's catalog and its electronic collection can be accessed from multiple locations throughout the school.

The survey collected a wide range of data on libraries' technology resources: resources located in the library itself, those under the library's supervision, and those in the school with access to the library's networked resources. The technology area was divided into two sub-areas:

  • technology in or under the library's supervision
  • school technology that can access library resources

Each of these was examined separately.

Using the ratio of "per 100 students," six library technology variables were identified as being positively and highly correlated for elementary, middle/junior high, and high school libraries. These include:

  • Computers in or under the library's supervision
  • Library computers with Internet access
  • Library computers with access to the library catalog
  • Library computers with access to the library's databases
  • Library computers with CD ROM drives
  • Library computers with networked access to CD ROM resources

The bivariate correlation coefficients of these variables increased with educational level, as shown in the tables below.

4.1 Elementary School Libraries

Table IV.10 - Bivariate Correlation Coefficients for Computers In or Under Library Supervision for Elementary School Libraries
Pearson Correlation (r)


Significance (p)


Number (n)
Total Number of Library Computers Per 100 Students Library Computers with Internet Connection Per 100 Students Library Computers with Access to Library Catalog Per 100 Students Library Computers with Access to Library Databases Per 100 Students Library Computers with CD ROM Drives Per 100 Students Library Computers with Networked Access to CD ROM Resources Per 100 Students
Library computers per 100 students 1.000


---
Library computers with Internet connection per 100 students .956


.000


263
1.000


---
Library computers with access to library catalog per 100 students .759


.000


263
.789


.000


263
1.000


---
Library computers with access to library databases per 100 students .420


.000


263
.355


.000


263
.367


.000


263
1.000


---
Library computers with CD ROM drives per 100 students .982


.000


263
.969


.000


263
.757


.000


263
.399


.000


263
1.000


---
Library computers with networked access to CD ROM resources per 100 students .529


.000


263
.565


.000


263
.567


.000


263
.359


.000


263
.542


.000


263
1.000


---

4.2 Middle/Junior High School Libraries

Table IV.11 - Bivariate Correlation Coefficients for Computers In or Under Library Supervision for Middle/Junior High School Libraries
Pearson Correlation (r)


Significance (p)


Number (n)
Library Computers Per 100 Students Library Computers with Internet Connection Per 100 Students Library Computers with Access to Library Catalog Per 100 Students Library Computers with Access to Library Databases Per 100 Students Library Computers with CD ROM Drives Per 100 Students Library Computers with Networked Access to CD ROM Resources Per 100 Students
Library computers per 100 students 1.000


---
Library computers with Internet connection per 100 students .972


.000


102
1.000


---
Library computers with access to library catalog per 100 students .629


.000


102
.700


.000


102
1.000


---
Library computers with access to library databases per 100 students .626


.000


102
.696


.000


102
.970


.000


102
1.000


---
Library computers with CD ROM drives per 100 students .966


.000


102
.960


.000


102
.687


.000


102
.674


.000


102
1.000


---
Library computers with networked access to CD ROM resources per 100 students .659


.000


102
.693


.000


102
.684


.000


102
.685


.000


102
.694


.000


102
1.000


---

4.3 High School Libraries

The six library computer variables also correlated highly at the high school level.

Table IV.12 - Bivariate Correlation Coefficients for Computers In or Under Library Supervision for High School Libraries
Pearson Correlation (r)


Significance (p)


Number (n)
Total Number of Library Computers Per 100 Students Library Computers with Internet Connection Per 100 Students Library Computers with Access to Library Catalog Per 100 Students Library Computers with Access to Library Databases Per 100 Students Library Computers with CD ROM Drives Per 100 Students Library Computers with Networked Access to CD ROM Resources Per 100 Students Library Computers Connected to Modem Per 100 Students
Library computers per 100 students 1.000


---
Library computers with Internet connection per 100 students .885


.000


128
1.000


---
Library computers with access to library catalog per 100 students .869


.000


128
.807


.000


128
1.000


---
Library computers with access to library databases per 100 students .777


.000


128
.834


.000


128
.861


.000


128
1.000


---
Library computers with CD ROM drives per 100 students .902


.000


128
.838


.000


128
.900


.000


128
.769


.000


128
1.000


---
Library computers with networked access to CD ROM resources per 100 students .711


.000


128
.620


.000


128
.694


.000


128
.567


.000


128
.726


.000


128
1.000


---
Library computers connected to modem per 100 students .722


.000


128
.655


.000


128
.748


.000


128
.677


.000


128
.708


.000


128
.652


.000


128
1.000


---

Continue on to Chapter 4, Section 5

 

Page last modified: March 2, 2011