The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy and Wounding of Governor John B. Connally

Details in the Mural Tell Texas' Story

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Close-up slices of the mural image (opens in new window/tab): Left | Center | Right

Download print files of the mural (opens in a new window/tab).

1. The mural begins in the left corner with the small ship coming in from the sea, bringing some of the first settlers and missionaries, shown trying to "civilize" the Indians.

2. The figure of the conquistador symbolizes the large part the French and Spanish explorers had in our history.

3. Behind him, a group of Indians are sitting in front of their tipis. The blue design around the front tipi indicates the chief's residence and what appear to be tassels on top of the poles extending from the top are actually scalps. Buffalo jerky is hanging up to dry above the woman to the right.

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4. Stephen F. Austin is shown for his participation in the settlement of Texas, bringing over 300 families to this area.  

5. The characters behind Austin represent the different types of people that came to Texas with their various means of travel.

6. The small group of Indians on the warpath – traveling in the opposite direction of the flow of the painting – represent the Indians’ opposition to the White man’s settlement of the land.

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7. The center portion of the mural depicts Texas fighting for independence from Mexico and eventual statehood (symbolized by the man carrying the flag of the Republic, which became the state flag).

8. The young man lying face down to the left of Houston symbolizes all Texas' fallen fighters.

9. In this scene, Sam Houston takes center stage because of his victory at the Battle of San Jacinto.

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10. Behind Houston are the heroes of the Alamo: Travis is shown in blue uniform.

11. David Crockett  

12. Jim Bowie

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13. The sky over the Alamo is shown the way it looked at the actual time of the battle; Santa Anna attacked at 4 a.m. and that is the reason for the pre-dawn darkness. Mr. Rogers even did research to determine the phase of the moon at the time of the battle. The flames behind the Alamo represent the fires of revolution.

14. The next scene shows Texas developing her resources and becoming a state. The cowboy takes us into the trail-driving days. The rope around the longhorn represents our beginning to control the land and the windmill became a trademark for developing it.

15. The small steam engine in the background indicates more people and new industry coming to Texas.

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16. The man on the left in the last scene is Mirabeau B. Lamar, the second president of the Republic of Texas (Sam Houston was the first). It is said that no matter where you stand in the lobby of the building, the eyes of Lamar will appear to be staring directly at you.  

17. On Lamar’s right is Anson Jones, the last president of the Republic. Jones was a noted politician and physician who played a key role in bringing Texas into the Union.

18. The woman with the child represents the United States bringing Texas into the Union as a young state. Originally, Mr. Rogers was going to depict Texas as a baby, but then he decided that Texas had been getting along on its own for nearly 10 years as an independent republic, so he changed it to a child to show more growth and development. Behind her is the United States flag, on which Texas is the 28th star.

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19. In the corner is the state flower, the bluebonnet. The other plants are those typically found in Texas: the yucca and century plant.

20. The bales of cotton represent the cotton industry introduced to Texas and the two men in front of the white building are confederate soldiers symbolizing Texas' contribution to the Civil War.

21. The sheep and oil wells on the far right show new growth and development that launched Texas into a greater industrial era.

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Page last modified: April 29, 2015