Unjustly suspected of inciting insurrection against the Mexican government, Stephen F. Austin was arrested by the government of Antonio López de Santa Anna and imprisoned in Mexico for over two years. When he arrived back in Texas in August 1835, he learned that revolutionary Texans were planning to call a convention, called the Consultation, to meet in October to decide on a future course of action regarding Mexico.
Since 1821, Austin had believed it was possible for a Texan to be a loyal citizen of Mexico. Now, he no longer held that belief. Austin joined in the preparations for war with Mexico, becoming in effect the civil head of Anglo-American Texas.
In the days before mass communication, a "circular" was a letter intended to be forwarded and read by as many people as possible. This circular, written by Austin and issued by the Committee of Safety at San Felipe, advises on the preparations for war in view of the plan of Mexican General Martín Perfecto de Cos, sent by Santa Anna to attack Texas. Committees of safety were formed all across Texas to organize militia against the Mexicans.
Circular of the Committee of Safety at San Felipe, September 19, 1835
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Circular from the Committee of Safety of the
Information of the most important & decis-
The substance of the information is that
This Committee have no doubt of the correctness
That every district should send members to
That every district ought to organize its Mil-
Circular of the Committee of Safety at San Felipe, Sept 19, 1835. Mirabeau B. Lamar Papers #229. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.