Americans with Disabilities Act at 30

In recognition of the thirtieth anniversary of the American Disabilities Act (ADA) passed in July of 1990, we offer a sampling of our collections and publications related to disability history. As part of our mission to preserve records produced by state government and agencies, the Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC) houses materials relevant to the historical efforts to provide services to Texans with disabilities. TSLAC also preserves materials from other entities and individuals that contains information related to this theme. Our reference library serves as a federal depository and therefore includes numerous US government publications on the ADA along with titles specific to Texas. All of the publications listed are also available online.

View of institute for the blind from the street, 1894.
Institute for the Blind, 1894 [Austin]. 1/2 26. Artwork of Austin (Chicago: W.H. Parish Pub. Co., 1894). Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Archival Collections Related to Disability History in Texas

Texas State Board of Control records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (agency with oversight of the state schools and hospitals, and schools for the deaf and blind from 1920-1949).

Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools, Texas Confederate Woman’s Home resident files, about 1900-1965.

Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation

Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services

Texas Governor records

Texas Department of Criminal Justice

Texas Research and Oversight Council on Workers’ Compensation records, 1989-1999.

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired meeting files, 1856-1919, 1979-2015.

Texas School for the Deaf minutes and agenda, 1982-1998.

View of school for the deaf, 1894.
School for the Deaf, 1894 [Austin]. 1/2 76. Artwork of Austin (Chicago: W.H. Parish Pub. Co., 1894). Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Texas Commission for the Blind records, 1932-2003, undated.

Texas Commission for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing records, 1972-2004.

Texas State Department of Health records, 1853, 1899-1901, 1910, 1921-1955, undated.

Texas Bureau of State Health Planning and Resource Development. Texas Medical Facilities Inventory and Utilization reports, 1973-1983.

Texas Department of Public Welfare Executive Office central files, 1943-1977.

Texas Board of Human Services

  • Meeting files, 1933-2004.
  • Records (copies of handbooks/manuals and some historical files), 1954-1981 (this finding aid is not available online)

Texas Department on Aging records, 1957-2002.

Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs records, 1972-2001.

Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services records, 1992-2000.

Texas Adjutant General’s Texas State Troops records, 1861-1865, undated.

Texas Comptroller Confederate pension application records, 1899-1979 (you had to be indigent and unable to support yourself, the applications note a number of diseases and disabilities).

Texas Veterans Commission records, 1918, 1935-1937, 1944, 1947-2006.

Texas Youth Commission Morales case files, 1949-1990 (health care and lack thereof was one of the issues in this landmark lawsuit).

Texas State Library and Archives Commission Director and Librarian’s records (include records of programs/services for blind and physically handicapped patrons).

Texas Library and Archives Commission chairman’s files (include records of programs/services for blind and physically handicapped patrons).

Texas State Library and Archives Commission, records (include records of programs/services for blind and physically handicapped patrons).

A one sheet piece of paper from circa 1953 with type writer written text and with heading text of Service for the Blind surrounded by a thick blue border. The text reads: 
For many years the State Library has been the depository of reading matter for the blind. Until 1934 the books were those printed in Braille or other kinds of raised type that could be read by touch. To read in this method it was necessary to learn a difficult art and so the number of borrowers was limited, and persons who became blind late in life were not always able to enjoy the books. 
But now that the Talking Books are available in quantity and machines with which to listen to the records are furnished without coast, the number of borrowers has grown enormously, until now the State Library has the names of over 900 blind borrowers in its list. 
Talking Books are one of the most dramatic developments in service to the blind, and they bring to these persons the great world of books, for either entertainment or study. Imagine the pleasure and satisfaction of being able to listen to a well-trained voice reading to you the type of book that holds your interest and attention.
In many households, members of the family literally do not have time to read aloud to their blind relatives, and these Talking Books can take their place in this respect.
The special machines on-which the records must be used are furnished by the State Commission for the Blind, and, since these are on deposit and not for sale, no cost except that of transportation from Austin, is involved. If you know of a person in your community whose vision is so impaired that he can no longer read print, he can write to the Commission for the Blind and find out the details of how he can obtain one of these machines. 
Once a borrower has obtained such a machine, his name is sent to the State Library and he becomes a borrower of Talking Books. 
Talking Books are records and are sent to the State Library from the Library of Congress without cost. These records of books are packed in stout containers and the Government carries them through the mails without cost. 
The selection of books is excellent and the Bible is included, as well as many of the classics. Some of the very latest books can be found recorded, and the Reader’s Digest and Ellery Queen’s Mystery Magazine are released almost as soon as the monthly issues in print are placed on newsstands.
By means of a unique system of charging these books the borrower is given a special service. Once he has indicated the type of reading in which he is interested, Talking Books are sent him, and as soon as he returns one book, another is mailed. This method keeps the flow of books moving without the need of correspondence. 
This is a joint operation of your Federal and State government, and it is something of which all of us can be proud. 
For information from the State Commission for the Blind write to Mr. Lon Alsup, the Director, in Austin. For this borrowing of the Talking Books write to either Miss Adele Mitchell or to Miss Emma Harrell, Texas State Library, Austin.
[Texas State Library Scrapbook] 1980/219-227-21, about 1953. Records, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. [Read Transcript]

Texas Rehabilitation Commission records, 1969-1996 (this finding aid is not available online).

Austin State Hospital bulletins, 1960-1964 (this finding aid is not available online)

Austin State School records, 1917-1919 (correspondence of J.W. Bradfield, superintendent of the school) (this finding aid is not available online).

Josephine Lamb collection, 1931, 1942-1969, undated (head of psychiatric nursing in the state hospitals in the 1950s-60s).

Anne Michel valedictory address (valedictory address made by Annie Michel at the Texas Institution for the Blind, dated 1884).

Zachary Taylor Fulmore biography (contains photographs, correspondence and biographical notes pertaining to his support for education in Texas including the Stuart Female Seminary; Austin Public School; State School for the Blind; Colored Deaf, Dumb and Blind School and others, dated 1954. Fulmore (1846–1923) was a lawyer, judge, author and charter member of the Texas State Historical Association).

“The Lone Star” Graduation Numbers (Graduation editions – referred to as numbers – of the “Lone Star,” a magazine produced by the Texas School for the Deaf in Austin, Texas. The magazines are dated 1933-1938).

Republic Claims, particularly pension claims, which may include claims by veterans injured while serving in the Republic of Texas:

Governor George W. Bush, Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities records

Texas Confederate Home Roster (available in Archives Reading Room Transcriptions of entries from the roster and the ledger are available by request, by emailing archinfo@tsl.texas.gov. The original records are not available to view).

Publications Related to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Disability History

From isolation to participation– : a history of disability in Texas, 1835-1999
G1001.8 F925 1999 OVER-T
Available online: https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth1204314/m1/

Disability history [electronic resource] : an important part of America’s heritage : defining the next generation
L 41.2:D 63/3 (electronic resource)
Available online: https://permanent.fdlp.gov/gpo12332/Disability%2520History_508%2520compliant_links.pdf

History of the provisions of old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance, 1935-1996
SSA 1.2:OL 1
Available online: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011325808

Beyond the cases: 26 years of the Americans with Disabilities Act : the lives, faces, and stories behind the ADA
J 1.2:D 63/10 (electronic resource)
Available online: https://permanent.fdlp.gov/gpo121018/beyond_cases_26yrs.pdf

An Act to Restore the Intent and Protections of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 [electronic resource]
AE 2.110:110-325 (electronic resource, also available in print)
Available online: https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/PLAW-110publ325/pdf/PLAW-110publ325.pdf

The impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act [electronic resource] : assessing the progress toward achieving the goals of the ADA
Y 3.D 63/3:2 IM 7/3 (electronic resource)
Available online: https://wayback.archive-it.org/3658/20160329060700/https://www.ncd.gov/publications/2007/07262007

Implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act [electronic resource] : challenges, best practices, and new opportunities for success
Y 3.D 63/3:2 IM 7/2 (electronic resource)
Available online: https://permanent.fdlp.gov/lps91121/implementation-07-26-07.pdf

NCD and the Americans with Disabilities Act [electronic resource] : 15 years of progress
Y 3.D 63/3:2 AM 3/4 (electronic resource)

Available online: https://permanent.fdlp.gov/lps97365/15yearprogress.pdf

Wilderness accessibility for people with disabilities [electronic resource] : a report to the President and the Congress of the United States on Section 507(a) of the Americans with Disabilities Act
Y 3.D 63/3:2 W 64
Available online: https://permanent.fdlp.gov/lps97467/wilderness.pdf

Legislative history of Public Law 101-336, the Americans with Disabilities Act : prepared for the Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, second session
Y 4.ED 8/1:102-C
Available online: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011336939

An Act to Establish a Clear and Comprehensive Prohibition of Discrimination on the Basis of Disability
AE 2.110:101-336
Available online: https://www.ada.gov/pubs/adastatute08.htm

The American with Disabilities Act Public Law 101-336 [electronic resource]
L 41.2:2004018154
Available online: https://www.webharvest.gov/peth04/20041108022736/http://www.dol.gov/odep/pubs/fact/ada92fs.htm

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the health professional : an introduction to what health professionals need to know about employment of people with disabilities
PREX 1.10:H 34/2/BRAILLE
Available online: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011416482

The Americans with Disabilities Act : how is Texas doing? : the initial report of the Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities on the state’s implementation of the ADA
G1001.8 AM35
Available online: https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth1204507/m1/

Veterans with service-connected disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) [electronic resource] : a guide for employers
Y 3.EQ 2:8 V 64
Available online: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS105556

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989 : hearings before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources and the Subcommittee on the Handicapped, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on S. 933 … May 9, 10, and 16, and June 22, 1989
Y 4.L 11/4:S.HRG.101-156
Available online: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008516709

Joint hearing on H.R. 2273, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989 : joint hearing before the Subcommittees on Select Education and Employment Opportunities of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, first session, hearing held in Washington, DC, July 18, 1989
Y 4.ED 8/1:101-37
Available online: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007605519

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989 : hearings before the Committee on the Judiciary and the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on H.R. 2273 … August 3, October 11 and 12, 1989
Y 4.J 89/1:101/58
Available online: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008516943

Americans with Disabilities Act : hearing before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on H.R. 2273 and S. 933, bills to establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability, September 28, 1989
Y 4.EN 2/3:101-95
Available online: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007606121

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