Life in the Texas Governor’s Mansion

By Alec Head, Reference Librarian

Many Austin landmarks are associated with Texas government, but few are so distinguished or iconic as the Texas Governor’s Mansion. The mansion was designed and built by Abner Cook after a $14,500 appropriation by the Texas Legislature in 1854. From its picturesque setting overlooking Colorado Street, the mansion has been the home of every Texas governor since Governor Elisha Pease and his family arrived in 1856. Many collections at the Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC) tell the story of this historic home and its legendary inhabitants who shaped the course of Texas history.

Governor’s Mansion, Luck Bros., about 1919. Places Collection, 1/103-80. Prints and Photographs.

Selections from TSLAC archival collections comprise the exhibit Texas Governors and Their Times, 1846-1946, on view in the TSLAC lobby through May 15. The exhibit includes photographs and records of former governors and archival artifacts from the mansion itself. The image below, from TSLAC’s prints and photograph collection, captured the view of the Governor’s Mansion and grounds as seen from the Texas Capitol in 1894.

View of the Governor’s Mansion and fenced-in grounds in 1894. Southwest from the Capitol, 1894. Art Work of Austin, 1/002-27. Prints and Photographs.

Former First Lady Jean Houston Daniel and co-author Dorothy Blodgett published a history of the mansion in 1984 and donated their extensive research materials to TSLAC.

Brochure for the book, The Texas Governor’s Mansion: A History of the House and Its Occupants, by Jean and Price Daniel and Dorothy Blodgett, Texas State Library and Archives Commission, 1984. Texas Documents, L1900.8 T312gom.

Many others have published works on the history of the Texas Governor’s Mansion that are a part of TSLAC’s library collections. A selection of the titles are listed below and are also on display in the Reference Reading Room.



Call Number


Abner Cook, master builder, 1814-1884 : his life, labors, and legacy

Petticrew, Andrée

720.924 C771a


A History of the Texas Governor’s Mansion

Neeley, Linda

725.17 N292h


Courage, charm, and character: the story of the first ladies of Texas and the historic gown collection at Texas Woman’s University

Hartzog, Martha

391.2 H259c OVER-T


Dining at the governor’s mansion 1st ed.

McQueary, Carl

641.59764 M242d

e-Book online

First Ladies of Texas: The first one hundred years, 1836-1936: a history

Farrell, Mary

976.406 F247F


Furnishings of historic interest in the Governor’s Mansion

Daniel, Jean

917.643 D224


Identified with Texas: The Lives of Governor Elisha Marshall Pease and Lucadia Niles Pease

Whitlow, Elizabeth

Z N745.8 W590i c.1

Texas Documents

Ma’s in the kitchen : you’ll know when it’s done : the recipes and history of Governor Miriam A. Ferguson, first woman governor of Texas

McQueary, Carl

976.4061 F381M


Miriam : the southern belle who became the first woman governor of Texas

Paulissen, May

976.4061 F381P

Main, e-Book online

Please pass the biscuits, Pappy : pictures of Governor W. Lee “Pappy” O’Daniel

Crawford, Bill

976.4063 OD1p

Main, e-Book online

The Governor’s Mansion of Texas : a historic tour

Alexander, Drury

725.1702 G7462


The Governor’s Mansion of Texas : a tour of Texas’ most historic home

Herndon, Dealey

725.1702 G746 1997


The Governor’s mansion of Texas and its furnishings

Hamer, Marcell

917.64 H178g


The power of the Texas governor : Connally to Bush

McCall, Brian

Z UA380.8 M124po

Texas Documents, e-Book online

The Texas Governor

Welch, June

976.406 W444t


The Texas Governor’s Mansion : a history of the house and its occupants

Daniel, Jean

L1900.8 T312gom

Texas Documents

For more information about our collections and services, please contact the reference desk at 512-463-5455 or

Texas Governors: Indelible Ann

By Traci Reece, Reference Librarian

As legislators and staff return to the Texas State Capitol for the start of the 88th Texas Legislature, we’re looking back at the legendary Texas Governor Ann W. Richards. Thirty-two years ago this month, Governor Richards was inaugurated as the 45th Governor of Texas. The Texas State Library and Archives Commission has in our collections papers, photographs, and publications connected to Texas governors dating back to the first chief executive of the state, including Richards.

Book cover with illustration of Ann Richards in profile with bluebonnets decorating the bottom portion
Cover: Indelible Ann: The Larger-Than-Life Story of Governor Ann Richards by Meghan P. Brown and Carlynn Whitt

Last fall, TSLAC’s Texas Center for the Book selected as the Texas Great Read for 2022 the new picture book biography about Governor Richards, Indelible Ann: The Larger-Than-Life Story of Governor Ann Richards by Meghan P. Browne and illustrator Carlynn Whitt. The author spoke about her work and the importance of the TSLAC collections in supporting her research in the promotional video for the Texas Great Read, which also includes images of Richards from our State Archives.

Texas Center for the Book interview with Meghan P. Browne for the 2022 Texas Great Read, Indelible Ann.

Browne is not the first author to publish a book on Richards. Our library stacks contain numerous titles focusing on the governor, some of which are currently on display in the Reference Reading Room. See below for a list of featured titles.



Call Number


A love letter to Texas women

Bird, Sarah

Z UA380.8 B532Lo

Texas Documents,

e-Book online

Ann Richards : “a woman’s place is in the dome”

Stumpff, April D.

920.7 R390a YALL

Reference Reading Room Collection

Capitol women : Texas female legislators, 1923-1999

Jones, Nancy Baker

328.764 J722c


Claytie and the lady : Ann Richards, gender, and politics in Texas

Tolleson-Rinehart, Sue.

976.4063 T578C


Indelible Ann : the larger-than-life story of Governor Ann Richards

Browne, Meghan P.

976.4063 B814in YALL

Reference Reading Room Collection

Let me tell you what I’ve learned : Texas wisewomen speak

Pierce, Paula Jo

920.72 P611L

Main, e-Book online

Let the people in : the life and times of Ann Richards

Reid, Jan.

Z UA380.8 R272LE

Texas Documents, e-Book online

Molly Ivins can’t say that, can she?

Ivins, Molly

070.92 Iv5m


Storming the statehouse : running for governor with Ann Richards and Dianne Feinstein

Morris, Celia.

923.2764 R39M


Straight from the heart : my life in politics and other places

Richards, Ann.

973.927 R39S


The great Texas wind rush : how George Bush, Ann Richards, and a bunch of tinkerers helped the oil and gas state win the race to wind power 1st ed.

Galbraith, Kate

Z UA380.8 G131gr

Texas Documents, e-Book online

The thorny rose of Texas : an intimate portrait of Governor Ann Richards

Shropshire, Mike.

976.4063 R39S


Where is Sam Houston Buried? : A Tour of the Graves of the Governors of Texas

Swearingen, John

923.2764 SW31w


With Ann : a journey across Texas with a candidate for Governor

Bonar, Ave.

923.2764 R39B


Women and Texas history : selected essays

Downs, Fane

305.4 W8423


To search for these books and more, visit our library catalog. If you are interested in checking out a title from this post, please visit the Reference Desk or contact your local library about borrowing books through the interlibrary loan program. Call us at 512-463-5455 or send an email to with your questions about our collections.

Governor Richards, press conference with Harley Davidson, May 21, 1992. Governor’s activities, 1991-1995, 1992/095-2-1, TSLAC Current Events Photographic Documentation Program Collection. TSLAC.
I did not want my tombstone to read, ”She kept a really clean house. I think I’d like them to remember me by saying, “She opened government to everyone.” Ann Richards, from Indelible Ann: The Larger-Than-Life Story of Governor Ann Richards by Meghan P. Browne and Carlynn Whitt.

Explore Our Collections

Visit us online or at our library to see documents and images from the first century of Texas governors in Texas Governors and their Times, 1846-1946 on exhibit at TSLAC through May 15, 2023.

Sign up for our research webinar, “Researching Texas Governors at TSLAC” scheduled for January 27 at 3:00 p.m.

See more Featured Collections blog posts for additional women’s history topics:

Women’s History Month 2022: Agents of Change

Traci Reece, Reference Librarian

The 2022 Women’s History Month themeWomen Providing Healing, Promoting Hope” honors the incredible impact and sacrifice of women in public and private roles throughout history.

Photo of an Austin Fire Department firefighter. Public relations committee files, 1978/032-7-TWU images-10, Texas International Women’s Year Coordinating Committee Records. TSLAC. View in the TDA.

As we enter the third year under the cloud of the COVID-19 global pandemic, we can look back at the collective sacrifice of caregivers and frontline responders as agents of healing and hope. We invite you to explore inspiring stories from our publications and online collections by and about Texas women as agents of change.


Titles from the Texas State Library collections related to Women’s History Month.

Agent of change : Adela Sloss-Vento, Mexican American Civil Rights Activist and Texas Feminist by Cynthia E. Orozco, 2021. Texas Documents collection, Z UA380.8 OR68ag
Biography of essayist Adela Sloss-Vento (1901-1998) documents her rise from Jim Crow/Juan Crow era to prominent pioneer of the Mexican American civil rights movement.

On Juneteenth by AnnetteGordon-Reed, 2021. Main collection, 394.263 G658o
Texas native and Pulitzer Prize–winning historian Gordon-Reed knits history, family, and memoir to create a compelling yet intimate portrait of Juneteenth and its unique impact on the narrative of Texas history.

Voice Lessons by Alice Embree, 2021. Texas Documents collection, Z UA380.8 EM12vo
Austin activist and feminist Alice Embree recounts her evolution through the women’s liberation movement of the 1960s and 1970s. 

See our Featured Collections blog posts for additional women’s history topics:

Online Exhibits

Panoramic photograph of nurses at “Nurses Base Hospital, Camp Travis, March 27, 1918. Prints and Photographs Collection, 1/142-L345. TSLAC.

Hear Laura Bush read the 1919 broadside “Handicapped” on our Voices of Texas History online exhibit.

Explore documents and images of “Texas Women in World War I” in our Texans Take to the Trenches online exhibit.

Watch the video introducing our exhibit Women’s Power, Women’s Vote.

Photo of Susan Cunningham, Denton Police Department officer. Public relations committee files,1978/032-7-TWU images 7, Texas International Women’s Year Coordinating Committee Records. TSLAC. View in the TDA.

Related Resources

Visit the National Women’s History Alliance website for more information about the2022 Women’s History Month theme “Women Providing Healing, Promoting Hope”.

The Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) Handbook of Texas Women features articles on a variety of women’s history topics, with related links and bibliographies for further reading. The project website includes additional resources for educators, enthusiasts, and students.

Additional women’s history resources are available on the Women in Texas History and Peoples History in Texas websites.

New Year, New Titles and More at the Texas State Library and Archives

Traci Reece, Reference Librarian

The Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC) Archives and Reference staff are pleased to welcome researchers back to our research rooms on Second Saturdays and throughout the week at our Lorenzo de Zavala building in Austin! We have exciting changes to share and look forward to helping with your research needs.

Home of the Texas State Library and Archives at 1201 Brazos St. in Austin.

New Titles at the Library

Our staff have been busy processing new books and adding them to the catalog and the shelves at TSLAC. While many may know us for our historical collections of original documents in the State Archives, we are also home to the Texas State Library’s book collections. We regularly acquire titles about Texas, family history, US government documents, periodicals, and more through state and federal depository programs, librarian selections, and donations. The books in our library collections are available for on-site research, with many titles also available for checkout from our library and through interlibrary loan (ILL). Contact your local library about ILL or contact the Reference Desk for availability. Typically, books that are not available for check-out will have a note in the catalog record that reads “non-circulating.” Our staff is happy to provide information about circulation procedures and other library services.

So, what’s new? Here’s a brief sample of some of the recently added titles currently on display in our Reference Reading Room:

Display of recent titles added to the Texas State Library collections.



Call number


African American lawmen, 1867-1877. Volume 1

Mboma, Lievin Kambamba

363.23089 M459a


The art of Texas : 250 years

Tyler, Ronnie C.

709.764 AR75 ARTS OVER-T


Bluffing Texas style : the arsons, forgeries, and high-stakes poker capers of rare book dealer Johnny Jenkins

Vinson, Michael

381.45 V786BL


Cult of glory : the bold and brutal history of the Texas Rangers

Swanson, Doug J.

363.209 SW24c


Don’t count the tortillas : the art of Texas Mexican cooking

Medrano, Adán

Z TT422.8 M469do

Texas Documents

Friday night lives : photos from the town, the team, and after

Clark, Robert

Z UA380.8 C549fi

Texas Documents

Gone at 3:17 : the untold story of the worst school disaster in American history

Brown, David M.

373.764 B812g


The heartbeat of Wounded Knee : native America from 1890 to the present

Treuer, David

970.004 T726h


How Myth Became History: Texas exceptionalism in the borderlands

Dean, John Emory

810.9 D345h


Let the Lord sort them : the rise and fall of the death penalty

Chammah, Maurice

364.66 C357L


Lone star vistas : Travel writing on Texas, 1821-1861

Haas, Astrid

Z UA380.8 H111Lo

Texas Documents

Reverberations of racial violence : critical reflections on the history of the border

Hernández, Sonia

Z UA380.8 R323

Texas Documents

The southern exodus to Mexico : migration across the borderlands after the American Civil War

Wahlstrom, Todd W.

Z TA475.8 W127so

Texas Documents

Explore more new titles at TSLAC by browsing our online library catalog. The catalog includes a link to Newly Added Titles with a list of recent additions to the collections.

The TSLAC library catalog links to a list of newly added titles.

Second Saturdays

Beginning in January, TSLAC will welcome patrons into the Reference and State Archives reading rooms each second Saturday in 2022. Second Saturdays are a great opportunity to catch up on your genealogy or research projects, and our staff are here to help. Both reading rooms will be open to the public from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on the following days:

2022 Second Saturday Dates

January 8

April 9  

July 9

October 8

February 12

May 14

August 13

November 12

March 12

June 11

September 10

December 10

Reading Rooms

The State Archives and Reference reading rooms are open to the public from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday through Friday and for our Second Saturday hours. Library materials and public computers with internet access are available in the Reference Reading Room. No registration or appointments are required, but we do appreciate advance notice and scheduling an appointment if you will be accessing archival materials. We have an FAQ on our website for standard questions about research at TSLAC and the Before You Visit page contains a lot of helpful information.

New Topics and Time for the Friday Research Webinars in 2022

Our Research Webinar series continues every fourth Friday of the month, with a new slate of topics for 2022 and a new time. Research webinars on newspapers, African American genealogy, maps, the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, the Texas Digital Archive, and the Republic of Texas will take place via Zoom at 3:00 p.m. on scheduled Fridays. The first webinar of 2022 will take place on January 28 on the subject of newspapers. Join our Reference staff as they present these 20-minute live webinars or view recorded sessions on our webpage and YouTube channel. Sign up in advance and come with your questions! Visit our Research Webinars page to preview the schedule, register to attend, or to watch past recorded sessions.

Robust Remote Services

If you are unable to visit us on-site, our digital collections and databases are available online 24/7.  Reference staff are also available to provide remote reference services via phone at 512-463-5455 and email at Many of the TSLAC resources available to you from home are listed on our website. An Out of the Stacks blog post from 2020 offers a closer look at our remote services with the article, Reference and Research Assistance at the Ready: Remote Services Are Here for You.

Visit our website for information about reference services at our library. Check our Agency Calendar for special events and dates our building will be closed.

We look forward to seeing our visitors in person! / 512-463-5455 /

Balmorhea State Park Pool

After a two-year closure for a renovation project, the Balmorhea State Park pool in West Texas has reopened, offering visitors the opportunity for a refreshing dip into the spring-fed waters once again. In celebration of this Texas landmark, let’s dip into the collections at the State Archives for a look at historic images related to Balmorhea.

The popular summer swimming destination has been attracting travelers for decades. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) built the park and its structures, including the pool, as part of the federal government’s effort to provide employment and a reliable paycheck for Americans suffering poverty during the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Image: Swimming pool springs 4-miles out, Balmorhea, Texas, 1936. William Deming Hornaday Photograph Collection,1975/070-5412. TSLAC. View in TDA.

The State Archives has in its collections the CCC drawings for Balmorhea and other Texas State Parks. Explore the collection online through a searchable database specifically designed for these materials here:

An extensive gallery of archival images of the Balmorhea project is also available for easy browsing online through the State Archives’ Flickr page:

Balmorhea State Park – Master Plan Cover Sheet – SP47-100
Balmorhea State Park – Development Plan, Solomon Springs Area – SP47-100-3

Texas State Parks Board records housed at the State Archives include images, promotional materials, correspondence and other items connected to the Balmorhea project. Though most of these records have not been digitized, several images below offer a glimpse of the kinds of research materials one might discover in these files.

San Solomon Springs – #558 – Balmorhea, Texas, 1939. Acquisition and development files, 2005/041-11. Texas State Parks Board records. TSLAC.

In a 1944 letter, the district engineer for the Texas Highway Department seemed perplexed by a request from the Texas State Parks Board to “place a reflectorized sign at the entrance to Balmorhea State Park.” The sketch in the image below was provided as evidence of the work having been completed several years prior.

Letter to Quinn from Killner, March 4, 1944. Acquisition and development files, Texas State Parks Board records, 2005/041-11. TSLAC.
Sign design for Balmorhea State Park, September 28, 1940. Administrative subject files, 2005/041-11, Texas State Parks Board records. TSLAC.

Would you rent a bathing suit at a swimming pool? According to this “notice to the public” about Balmorhea, bathing suits for sale or rental were available on site.

Notice to the public, undated. Acquisition and development files, Texas State Parks Board records, 2005/041-11. TSLAC.

The State Archives library collections also have publications on Balmorhea State Park and related topics. Here are examples of titles with links to the records in the online catalog:

Balmorhea State Park activity book / P500 B215AC 1998 / Texas Documents Collection

Birds of Balmorhea State Park & vicinity : a field checklist / P500 B215B 1992 / Texas Documents Collection

General community profile on Balmorhea / I400.7 G286BALH 1978 / Texas Documents Collection

Rebirth of a desert wetland : the San Solomon Ciénega / P500 B215SA 2004 / Texas Documents Collection

For information on how to find these and other materials about Balmorhea State Park, please contact our reference staff at or call 512-463-5455.

Americans with Disabilities Act at 30

In recognition of the thirtieth anniversary of the American Disabilities Act (ADA) passed in July of 1990, we offer a sampling of our collections and publications related to disability history. As part of our mission to preserve records produced by state government and agencies, the Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC) houses materials relevant to the historical efforts to provide services to Texans with disabilities. TSLAC also preserves materials from other entities and individuals that contains information related to this theme. Our reference library serves as a federal depository and therefore includes numerous US government publications on the ADA along with titles specific to Texas. All of the publications listed are also available online.

View of institute for the blind from the street, 1894.
Institute for the Blind, 1894 [Austin]. 1/2 26. Artwork of Austin (Chicago: W.H. Parish Pub. Co., 1894). Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Archival Collections Related to Disability History in Texas

Texas State Board of Control records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (agency with oversight of the state schools and hospitals, and schools for the deaf and blind from 1920-1949).

Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools, Texas Confederate Woman’s Home resident files, about 1900-1965.

Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation

Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services

Texas Governor records

Texas Department of Criminal Justice

Texas Research and Oversight Council on Workers’ Compensation records, 1989-1999.

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired meeting files, 1856-1919, 1979-2015.

Texas School for the Deaf minutes and agenda, 1982-1998.

View of school for the deaf, 1894.
School for the Deaf, 1894 [Austin]. 1/2 76. Artwork of Austin (Chicago: W.H. Parish Pub. Co., 1894). Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Texas Commission for the Blind records, 1932-2003, undated.

Texas Commission for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing records, 1972-2004.

Texas State Department of Health records, 1853, 1899-1901, 1910, 1921-1955, undated.

Texas Bureau of State Health Planning and Resource Development. Texas Medical Facilities Inventory and Utilization reports, 1973-1983.

Texas Department of Public Welfare Executive Office central files, 1943-1977.

Texas Board of Human Services

  • Meeting files, 1933-2004.
  • Records (copies of handbooks/manuals and some historical files), 1954-1981 (this finding aid is not available online)

Texas Department on Aging records, 1957-2002.

Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs records, 1972-2001.

Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services records, 1992-2000.

Texas Adjutant General’s Texas State Troops records, 1861-1865, undated.

Texas Comptroller Confederate pension application records, 1899-1979 (you had to be indigent and unable to support yourself, the applications note a number of diseases and disabilities).

Texas Veterans Commission records, 1918, 1935-1937, 1944, 1947-2006.

Texas Youth Commission Morales case files, 1949-1990 (health care and lack thereof was one of the issues in this landmark lawsuit).

Texas State Library and Archives Commission Director and Librarian’s records (include records of programs/services for blind and physically handicapped patrons).

Texas Library and Archives Commission chairman’s files (include records of programs/services for blind and physically handicapped patrons).

Texas State Library and Archives Commission, records (include records of programs/services for blind and physically handicapped patrons).

A one sheet piece of paper from circa 1953 with type writer written text and with heading text of Service for the Blind surrounded by a thick blue border. The text reads: 
For many years the State Library has been the depository of reading matter for the blind. Until 1934 the books were those printed in Braille or other kinds of raised type that could be read by touch. To read in this method it was necessary to learn a difficult art and so the number of borrowers was limited, and persons who became blind late in life were not always able to enjoy the books. 
But now that the Talking Books are available in quantity and machines with which to listen to the records are furnished without coast, the number of borrowers has grown enormously, until now the State Library has the names of over 900 blind borrowers in its list. 
Talking Books are one of the most dramatic developments in service to the blind, and they bring to these persons the great world of books, for either entertainment or study. Imagine the pleasure and satisfaction of being able to listen to a well-trained voice reading to you the type of book that holds your interest and attention.
In many households, members of the family literally do not have time to read aloud to their blind relatives, and these Talking Books can take their place in this respect.
The special machines on-which the records must be used are furnished by the State Commission for the Blind, and, since these are on deposit and not for sale, no cost except that of transportation from Austin, is involved. If you know of a person in your community whose vision is so impaired that he can no longer read print, he can write to the Commission for the Blind and find out the details of how he can obtain one of these machines. 
Once a borrower has obtained such a machine, his name is sent to the State Library and he becomes a borrower of Talking Books. 
Talking Books are records and are sent to the State Library from the Library of Congress without cost. These records of books are packed in stout containers and the Government carries them through the mails without cost. 
The selection of books is excellent and the Bible is included, as well as many of the classics. Some of the very latest books can be found recorded, and the Reader’s Digest and Ellery Queen’s Mystery Magazine are released almost as soon as the monthly issues in print are placed on newsstands.
By means of a unique system of charging these books the borrower is given a special service. Once he has indicated the type of reading in which he is interested, Talking Books are sent him, and as soon as he returns one book, another is mailed. This method keeps the flow of books moving without the need of correspondence. 
This is a joint operation of your Federal and State government, and it is something of which all of us can be proud. 
For information from the State Commission for the Blind write to Mr. Lon Alsup, the Director, in Austin. For this borrowing of the Talking Books write to either Miss Adele Mitchell or to Miss Emma Harrell, Texas State Library, Austin.
[Texas State Library Scrapbook] 1980/219-227-21, about 1953. Records, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. [Read Transcript]

Texas Rehabilitation Commission records, 1969-1996 (this finding aid is not available online).

Austin State Hospital bulletins, 1960-1964 (this finding aid is not available online)

Austin State School records, 1917-1919 (correspondence of J.W. Bradfield, superintendent of the school) (this finding aid is not available online).

Josephine Lamb collection, 1931, 1942-1969, undated (head of psychiatric nursing in the state hospitals in the 1950s-60s).

Anne Michel valedictory address (valedictory address made by Annie Michel at the Texas Institution for the Blind, dated 1884).

Zachary Taylor Fulmore biography (contains photographs, correspondence and biographical notes pertaining to his support for education in Texas including the Stuart Female Seminary; Austin Public School; State School for the Blind; Colored Deaf, Dumb and Blind School and others, dated 1954. Fulmore (1846–1923) was a lawyer, judge, author and charter member of the Texas State Historical Association).

“The Lone Star” Graduation Numbers (Graduation editions – referred to as numbers – of the “Lone Star,” a magazine produced by the Texas School for the Deaf in Austin, Texas. The magazines are dated 1933-1938).

Republic Claims, particularly pension claims, which may include claims by veterans injured while serving in the Republic of Texas:

Governor George W. Bush, Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities records

Texas Confederate Home Roster (available in Archives Reading Room Transcriptions of entries from the roster and the ledger are available by request, by emailing The original records are not available to view).

Publications Related to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Disability History

From isolation to participation– : a history of disability in Texas, 1835-1999
G1001.8 F925 1999 OVER-T
Available online:

Disability history [electronic resource] : an important part of America’s heritage : defining the next generation
L 41.2:D 63/3 (electronic resource)
Available online:

History of the provisions of old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance, 1935-1996
SSA 1.2:OL 1
Available online:

Beyond the cases: 26 years of the Americans with Disabilities Act : the lives, faces, and stories behind the ADA
J 1.2:D 63/10 (electronic resource)
Available online:

An Act to Restore the Intent and Protections of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 [electronic resource]
AE 2.110:110-325 (electronic resource, also available in print)
Available online:

The impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act [electronic resource] : assessing the progress toward achieving the goals of the ADA
Y 3.D 63/3:2 IM 7/3 (electronic resource)
Available online:

Implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act [electronic resource] : challenges, best practices, and new opportunities for success
Y 3.D 63/3:2 IM 7/2 (electronic resource)
Available online:

NCD and the Americans with Disabilities Act [electronic resource] : 15 years of progress
Y 3.D 63/3:2 AM 3/4 (electronic resource)

Available online:

Wilderness accessibility for people with disabilities [electronic resource] : a report to the President and the Congress of the United States on Section 507(a) of the Americans with Disabilities Act
Y 3.D 63/3:2 W 64
Available online:

Legislative history of Public Law 101-336, the Americans with Disabilities Act : prepared for the Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, second session
Y 4.ED 8/1:102-C
Available online:

An Act to Establish a Clear and Comprehensive Prohibition of Discrimination on the Basis of Disability
AE 2.110:101-336
Available online:

The American with Disabilities Act Public Law 101-336 [electronic resource]
L 41.2:2004018154
Available online:

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the health professional : an introduction to what health professionals need to know about employment of people with disabilities
PREX 1.10:H 34/2/BRAILLE
Available online:

The Americans with Disabilities Act : how is Texas doing? : the initial report of the Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities on the state’s implementation of the ADA
G1001.8 AM35
Available online:

Veterans with service-connected disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) [electronic resource] : a guide for employers
Y 3.EQ 2:8 V 64
Available online:

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989 : hearings before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources and the Subcommittee on the Handicapped, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on S. 933 … May 9, 10, and 16, and June 22, 1989
Y 4.L 11/4:S.HRG.101-156
Available online:

Joint hearing on H.R. 2273, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989 : joint hearing before the Subcommittees on Select Education and Employment Opportunities of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, first session, hearing held in Washington, DC, July 18, 1989
Y 4.ED 8/1:101-37
Available online:

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989 : hearings before the Committee on the Judiciary and the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on H.R. 2273 … August 3, October 11 and 12, 1989
Y 4.J 89/1:101/58
Available online:

Americans with Disabilities Act : hearing before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on H.R. 2273 and S. 933, bills to establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability, September 28, 1989
Y 4.EN 2/3:101-95
Available online:

Featured Collection: Census 2020

By Sean Wood, Library Assistant

Featured books currently on display highlight publications related to the U.S. Census from 1937 – present.

Every ten years, the United States Census Bureau conducts a census of population and housing. As the 2020 census begins, it is interesting to consider the variety of uses this accumulated data will have. The current Featured Collection focuses on the Census Bureau’s efforts over the years to retrieve, analyze, and distribute that data, as well as other institutions’ use of demographic information.

Our featured book display,”The U.S. Census,” includes questionnaires, signs, reports, guides, and maps from the Texas State Library and Archives collection. For information about the current census or pasts censuses, please visit

U.S. Imports & Exports: Information Now Available on Compact Disks for Use on Your Personal Computer; TSLAC U.S. Document collection.

Although our reading room is currently closed to the public, a booklist of all featured titles is listed below. For more information about access to the titles on display, please contact TSLAC reference services at or call 512-436-5455.

Women-Owned Businesses 1972; TSLAC U.S. Document collection.

District profiles: congressional, state senate, and State Board of Education districts; TSLAC Texas Document collection



Call number


Census 2000 Island Areas Summary File

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau

C 3.223/23-2:2000 PHC-4-08-USIA/CD


LandView IV [electronic resource] ” the Federal geographic data viewer

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Geography Division

C 3.301:L 23


Making Indian Country Count: Native Americans and the 2020 Census

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs

Y 4.IN 2/11:S.HRG.115-210


Beyond the Citizenship Question: Repairing the Damage and Preparing to Count ‘We the People’ in 2020

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Oversight and Reform. Subcommittee on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Y 4.OV 2:116-52


Getting Counted: the Importance of the Census to State and Local Communities Field Hearing

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Oversight and Reform. Subcommittee on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Y 4.OV 2:116-30


Hearing with Secretary of Commerce Wilbur L. Ross, Jr.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Oversight and Reform

Y 4.OV 2:116-11


The Importance of Accurate Census Data to Small Business Formation and Growth

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Small Business. Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Capital Access, and Tax

Y 4.SM 1:116-029


Demographic Trends in the 20th Century

Hobbs, Frank

C 3.205/8-3:4


Portfolio of United States census maps, 1950 : a selection of maps used in the publications of the 1950 censuses of population and agriculture.

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Geography Division

C 3.950/2: M 32


Questionnaire : quarterly interview survey : consumer expenditure surveys

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics

C 3.272:CE-302/994


¡Atencion! Se necesitan enumeradores para el censo de agricultura [picture]

Departamento de Comercio de los EE.UU., Negociado del Censo



Current population survey. Income and poverty 1993

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Data User Services Division

C 3.224/12-2:993


United States census 2000 : making it count : address list review opportunity 1998.

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

C 3.2:C 73/10


U.S. Imports & Exports. Information Now Available on Compact Disks for Use on Your Personal Computer

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

C 3.2:EX 7/6


Estimates of population and per capita income compared with numbers from the 1980 census of population and housing for Texas counties and incorporated places : containing figures derived by the US Bureau of the Census

Texas State Data Center

I1150.7 D262 NO.85-3


Redistricting, Part One: The 1990 Census

Vargas, Tom

L1801.7 H816 NO.158


Redistricting, part 2 : the 1980 census

Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives. Study Group

L1801.7 H816 NO.49


Census 2010 : implications for Texas

Howe, Tom

L1801.7 H816SEF NO.81-10


Redistricting by the numbers : issues for census 2000

Graves, Patrick K.

L1801.7 H816SEF NO.76-20


The status of women and girls in Dallas County : a comparative analysis from the 2000 census

Weinstein, Bernard L.

Z N700.8 ST29WO


The demography of the Texas elderly population

Saenz, Rogelio

Z TA455.7 T226 NO.95-1


Patterns of ethnic change in Texas 1980 to 1990 : the 1990 census

Murdock, Steve H.

Z TA455.7 T226 NO.91-2 V.2


Patterns of ethnic change in Texas 1980 to 1990 : the 1990 census

Murdock, Steve H.

Z TA455.7 T226 NO.91-2 V.1


1980 Census Tracts. Austin. Tex., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

C 3.223/11:980/80/MAPS


1960 Census of Housing. Texas. State and Small Areas

U.S. Bureau of the Census

C 3.224/3:960/45


District profiles : congressional, state senate, and State Board of Education districts

Texas. Legislature. Legislative Council

L1400.7 IN2 NO.88-5C


Your daily expenses : help us learn about the buying habits of people in the United States

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau

C 3.272:CE-801/2005


Statistics in Schools and the 2020 census (Administrator guide) [Administrator guide].

Statistics in Schools, [U.S. Census Bureau]

C 3.2:SCH 6/2


Pocket Data Book. USA 1976

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

C 3.134/3:


U.S. Industrial Outlook 1977

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Industrial Economics

C 57.18:977


Frozen Cooked Food Survey

U.S. Dept. of Commerce

C 57.2 : F 73


Texas county population changes in the 1970’s

Skrabanek, R. L.

Z TA455.7 T226 81-5


Electronic Data Processing Equipment for Census ’70

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

C 3.2:EL 2/2


Women-Owned Businesses 1972

United States. Bureau of the Census

C 3.250:72


Mastering census & military records 2nd edition.

Quillen, W. Daniel

929.10285 Q414m


Religious Bodies: 1936 – Selected Statistics for the United States by Denominations and Geographic Divisions

U.S. Bureau of the Census

C 3.35:936 A


Estimated impacts of the 2010 census on the Texas transit funding formula

Eschbach, Karl

T1311.7 R311 NO.6199-1


 A timeline of census history [2019 edition].

U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau

C 3.2:T 48/2019


Red River County in 1890 : the year of the missing census

Lee, Johnie, compiler

976.4212 L513r


U.S. Census jobs opening in your area! : work for the U.S. Census Bureau and be part of the 1990 census : take a temporary job that counts for YOUR community

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

C 3.2:J 57/3


Households, Families, and Children: a 30-Year Perspective

Lugaila, Terry

C 3.186:P-23/181


How We Live: Then and Now

Linden, Fabian

C 3.2:L 74

USD Census Bureau’s new data dissemination platform : frequently asked questions and release notes

U.S. Census Bureau

C 3.2:D 26/14


Your guide to the 2020 Census : how to respond to the 2020 Census paper questionnaire Large print.

U.S. Census Bureau

C 3.6/2:R 31/LARGE


Health insurance coverage by type of coverage and state : 2018

Conway, Douglas

C 3.297/3:18-03


Explore Census Data

U.S. Census Bureau

C 3.300/2


2020 Census : actions needed to address key risks to a successful enumeration

U.S. Government Accountability Office

GA 1.5/2:GAO-19-588 T


2020 census: status update on early operations : a report to congressional requesters

U.S. Government Accountability Office

GA 1.41:GAO-20-111 R


Privacy impact assessment for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) immigration-related information sharing with U.S. Census Bureau

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

HS 1.2:C 33


The American Community Survey : development, implementation, and issues for Congress

Williams, Jennifer D.

LC 14.23:R 41532


Striking a Balance: Preserving Delicate Documents while Providing Access

by Caroline Jones, Reference Archivist

An essential component of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission’s (TSLAC) mission of providing Texans access to the information needed to be informed, productive citizens is preserving the archival record of Texas. But what if archival materials are too fragile to be regularly handled? How do we balance preservation with access to the information? Efforts to both preserve records and maintain public access to them has changed over time as technology advances. In celebration of the American Library Association’s Preservation Week (April 26-May 2,2020) we are highlighting one of our collections that exemplifies this balance: Texas Adjutant General’s Department Civil War military rolls.

The Texas Adjutant General’s Department Civil War military rolls include muster rolls, payrolls, rosters, returns, and election returns of Confederate States Army, Texas State Troops, and Army of the United States units that were stationed in Texas during the Civil War. A typical military roll includes the soldiers’ names and ranks, their commanding officer, a description of the organization, enlistment and discharge data, descriptions of individuals, when and where they were stationed, and arms issued. Much of this information can be seen in the muster roll for Company C, 15th Brigade, Cavalry, Texas State Troops included below. Because of the level of individual information contained within the military rolls, researchers and genealogists consider this a highly valuable resource.

Figure 1: #101, Captain John W. Bone, Captain J.J. Harrison, Company C, 15th Brigade, Cavalry, Texas State Troops, July 24-August 6, 1863. Image accessed through the Texas Digital Archive (TDA).

Preserving Original Documents with Conservation Treatments
Many of the military rolls are extremely fragile. The more the paper is handled, the more likely it is to tear or curl. In addition, inks, like iron-gall ink, eat through paper and can make the rolls illegible, while also destroying the stability of the paper. In the early-to-mid 1900s many of these rolls underwent a common conservation treatment of the time called “silking.” Silking was a process of adhering a thin piece of silk to the front and back of the paper to support it. Despite best intentions, archivists and conservators now know that the silks’ acidity causes the paper to become more brittle and discolored over time. Between 2010 and 2019, TSLAC Conservation tackled this collection and addressed these issues in the military rolls. The oversized Confederate military rolls were conserved by removing the silk, deacidifying the paper, stabilizing the iron gall ink, and mending tears. This extensive project has allowed for more access to the physical rolls and prepared them for the digitization process.

Figure 2: A “de-silked” military roll in the conservation lab.

Enhancing Access through Digitization
These Civil War military rolls are currently being digitized to preserve the original records while still making them available to the public. Digitized military rolls are available online through our Texas Digital Archive (TDA) at: Researchers can view and download watermarked versions of these military rolls on the TDA.

Prior to the conservation and digitization of these military rolls, their information was only accessible through transcriptions. In the early 1900s almost all of the Civil War military rolls were transcribed onto three by five inch index cards. These cards provided researchers with a way to find the information included within the military rolls without having to pull the rolls out of archival storage. There are three different sets of index cards: “Abstracts of Muster Rolls,” “Captains,” and “Units.” The largest of these is the “Abstracts of Muster Rolls” which fills 65 drawers of the card catalog in the Archives Reading Room. An example of a typical abstract card is shown below.

Figure 3: Abstract card file for 2nd Sergeant Isaac Stewart, Civil War Index- Abstracts of Muster Rolls, Texas, Muster Roll Index Cards, 1838-1900. Image accessed through

This abstract card is for 2nd Sergeant Isaac Stewart of Company C, 15th Brigade, Cavalry, Texas State Troops. Below is a closer look at the Texas State Troops muster roll from Figure 1, showing Stewart’s rank, age, and enlistment information.

Figure 4: Portion of roll #101, Captain John W. Bone, Captain J.J. Harrison, Company C, 15th Brigade, Cavalry, Texas State Troops, July 24-August 6, 1863.

Not only do these transcriptions help preserve the original rolls, they allow researchers to search by name without needing to know what unit an individual served in. These cards are regularly consulted instead of pulling the original military rolls. This has helped to preserve these documents for future generations of researchers. For those unable to visit our location in Austin, there has always been an option to contact our Reference team to have up to five names searched in the card index.

The Civil War military rolls index cards became accessible online through within the database “Texas, Muster Roll Index Cards, 1838-1900.” The digitization of these cards not only preserves these heavily used reference materials for future use but allows for greater access to them. The database gives researchers the opportunity to browse the cards as well as search by name, date, location, or keyword. This database is accessible to all Texas residents through our website at:

TSLAC continues to fulfill its mission to preserve archival records while maintaining public access to them. As shown by the history of our Civil War military rolls, methods of preservation and access evolve as new technologies become widely available.

More information on conservation at TSLAC can be found in our blog “TSLAC Conservation” at:

More information on our Civil War military rolls can be found in the online finding aid at:

Learn more about Preservation Week at

Reference and Research Assistance at the Ready: Remote Services Are Here for You

By Maria Barker, Access Librarian

Did you know that you can still visit us virtually from home during this period of social distancing? Not only is our reference staff ready to respond to your questions via email and voicemail, you may also access material through our digital collections and databases. For details about resources available to you from home, read on. For information about COVID-19 and the status of all TSLAC services please visit

Although our reference staff are away from their familiar spot at the reference desk while TSLAC”s reading rooms are closed, librarians are still available virtually to assist patrons with reference and research inquiries.

Reference Staff at the Ready

In addition to answering your reference questions at and 512-463-5455, consider seeking assistance with your research through the following services and resources.

  • City Directory Look Ups

We can search names or addresses in our collection of City Directories and respond with scanned results if a match is found. If we cannot find a match, we will provide referrals and alternative resource suggestions based on your area of research.

  • Vital Statistics Look Ups

Staff can search up to five names in our collection of Vital Statistics indexes and report back the results over the phone or via email. In addition, staff can provide background and referrals on the availability of this information based on the time period of interest and your research goals. 

  • 2nd Saturday Workshop Topics

While our live presentations have been suspended, workshop content and links to relevant resource pages can be found on our website. Here are a few select topics:

o   Introduction to Newspaper Collections

o   Introduction to the Texas State Archives

o Texas Collections

Research Using Online Collections

Put away the gloves and magnifying glass, our staff has done the heavy lifting. Learn more about our publications and original documents by visiting the databases and information pages tailored to our collections.

Publications and Government Documents

While state agencies may be closed, a record of their service and history lives on through the following TSLAC resources.

TRAIL captures and preserves information posted to state agency websites. Whether you are looking for a specific report or simply want to see a state agency website as it existed at a certain point in time, TRAIL can help.

Energize your research with a search through our online catalog. As a depository library for both state and federal documents, a home to archival collections, and an institution with roots dating back to the early years of our state, the range and depth of our material is substantial. See our Newly Added Titles and On Display pages for a slice of our latest collections. Contact reference at with questions about our records and access.

Recently registered?

If your registration is current, TexShare services are still available to you via your TSLAC library account. With a library of databases covering everything from health news to craft tutorials, this is a resource to have on hand if you want to learn something new. Email to confirm your current registration and receive the password to access this service.

We look forward to assisting you via or 512-463-5455.

Discover the Texas State Library and Archives Commission’s Online Collections from Home

By Gina Watts, Reference Librarian

Unexpectedly find yourself spending some extra time at home? Have you run out of library books and need something new to entertain yourself? The Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC) has just the thing.

Did you know TSLAC has more than five million records online? Governors’ records, historic maps, drawings, photographs and much more are all available for viewing from the comfort of your home. Here are just a few of TSLAC’s collections that are available online now.

Don Kelly Southeast Texas Postcard Collection

Postcard from Beaumont.
Figure 1: 1991.183-18, Don Kelly Southeast Texas postcard collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Don Kelly was a community leader in Southeast Texas. He collected 1,473 postcards depicting notable scenes of the life, locale, and architecture surrounding the cities of Orange, Beaumont, and Port Arthur. These postcards also feature the Spindletop Oil Field, Sabine Pass, Sour Lake, the Sabine River, and the Neches River. Flip through the collection in the Texas Digital Archive (TDA):

Civilian Conservation Corps Plans and Drawings

CCC drawing for Inks Lake Park.
Figure 2: SP.64.30, Texas Parks Civilian Conservation Corps Drawings collection, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

The United States Congress created the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933 at the request of President Franklin Roosevelt as an emergency program devoted to the care of natural resources. The program provided jobs and income to young men and served as an instrument for preserving natural resources and developing state park lands. TSLAC has digitized over three thousand of these drawings that were created in the process of improving state parks. These beautiful images, like the one of Inks Lake pictured above, include plans and renderings of state parks across Texas. Browse the collection on Flickr: or search the CCC database here:

TSLAC Map Collection

1720 map of New Mexico and Louisiana  Territory.
Figure 3: Map 00401, Texas State Archives Map collection, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Old maps are a window into the way people saw and thought of Texas long ago. This particular map was created circa 1720 and depicts New Mexico, the Louisiana Territory including Texas, and Florida. It includes geographic features like rivers and forests, man-made features like trails, forts and cities, as well as notes regarding Indians, explorers, topography, and French and Spanish battles and establishments. So if you’ve ever wondered what a part of Texas looked like on a map fifty, one hundred, or even 200 years ago, take a look here:

Other Online Collections

Many other collections can be accessed on our Online Collections webpage: For example, if you had ancestors in Texas during the Republic era, you may be interested in the Republic Claims database, which includes records of payments made to Texas citizens by the Texas government between 1836 and 1845.

Republic of Texas claim by George Cartwright.
Figure 4: Cartwright, George W., reel 207. Texas State Archives Republic Claims collection, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

This particular document relates to a claim for George W. Cartwright and details his service in the Battle of Nacogdoches. Use the online search form to find more claims in the database by visiting here:


All of our exhibits past and present can be viewed online: Lobby exhibits feature digitized versions of the same historical documents, photographs, and audiovisual materials that can be accessed in person. For example, our current lobby exhibit titled “Women’s Power, Women’s Vote” is available here:

Figure 5: “Governor for a Day, Barbara Jordan, June 10, 1972,” image 1973/054-36, Current Events Photographic Documentation Program collection, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

This photograph features Barbara Jordan serving as Governor for a Day on June 10, 1972, during her tenure in the State Senate. You may notice that many of the examples we have given are part of the Texas Digital Archive. This is the primary location to find digital and digitized archival materials:

We hope you and your families are staying safe and well, and that our online collections spark some interesting conversations.