The Texas NavyWilliam H. Wharton to the Standing Committee at Brazoria, July 4, 1832 - Page 1

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William H. Wharton (1802-1839)

William H. Wharton, a Tennessee lawyer noted for his oratory, married the daughter of a wealthy Texas settler and established Eagle Island Plantation in Brazoria County. Early on, Wharton joined the faction of Texans who wanted independence from Mexico.

Later that year, Wharton attended the Convention of 1832. He wrote one of the classic documents in Texas history, an eloquent petition to Mexico asking for statehood. He chaired a similar convention in 1833. During the Texas Revolution, he, along with Stephen F. Austin and Branch Archer, traveled to the United States to secure aid for the Texan cause. He then served as the first diplomatic minister from Texas to the United States and was able to secure diplomatic recognition for the Republic of Texas.

On his way back to Texas in 1837, Wharton was captured at sea and taken to a Mexican prison in Matamoros. He escaped and returned home to serve in the Texas Senate. He was killed in a gun accident in 1839.

William H. Wharton to the Standing Committee, 1832To the committee A[t] Brazoria


              We have just
dispatched the Teran to Brazoria under charge
of Mr. Nelson conveying to you all the powder except
what we thought necessary to keep here, all the lead
that is in bars [?] having a sufficiency of pig for our
use, the surplus provisions that were sent down
from Brazoria and the Muskets that were surren-
dered with the fort. We have kept about 80 rounds
of powder for the 9 pounder & all the shot & slugs
These we secure so that if the Mexicans were to get
possession of the fort they could not find them. More-
over if after trying our best to keep them out
we failed, we will be prepared to spike the cannon
before we surrender it dearly as we prize it. It
must not be inferred from this that we are
alarmed or that we believe they will attempt the
recapture of the fort, yet we hold it to be our
duty to guard against the worst possible con-
tingency. We have kept powder enough to shoot
our shot etc. & if more were here & they should un-
fortunately take the fort we should dislike for
it to fall into their hands. At Brazoria it will
be always in our reach & out of theirs should they
take the fort. The flour that we are send[ing] up we
would recommend to have baked immediately
as it is spoiling very fast. We have kept provis-
ions enough for the vessel & for the fort [for] some
time. We would recommend that a requisite guard
be always kept up in the fort to be released every
fortnight or month as may be best by new hands.
The muskets we send up are disabled & suffering
from rust & we imagined that you would like
to have them cleaned & repaired. Many of the Bayo
nets [sic] we have kept because they needed no repairing
& we wished to fix them ourssevles [sic] to use in case
we were stormed. The spades hatchets etc. are on
the Teran. We wish you to send the crew of the
Teran immediately back as men are wanting
here god knows. Captain Brown is filling the
Brazoria for sea as fast as he can. The officers
& troops are orderly & polite & the best possible un-
derstanding prevails between them & the Ameri-

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William H. Wharton to the Standing Committee at Brazoria, July 4 , 1832. Mirabeau B. Lamar Papers #153, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.


Page last modified: June 24, 2019