Fear, Force, and Leather: The Texas Prison System&rsquot;s First Hundred Years 1848-1948

Texas Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor, Report on proposed Texas penal colony, 1931

Page 3

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CPPL Report on a Texas penal colony, 1931



wide experience both in business and philanthropic work, was
appointed Commissioner of Charities and Correction for Westchester
County and empowered to create a new system of institutions for
the county. After thorough study and consultation with the best
authorities in this country and abroad, Mr. Macy developed the
Westchester County institutional colony in which are located all
the adult penal and correctional institutions of the county yet
no institution is less than two miles from another institution.
The system has been in operation since 1919 and has proved its


8          Texas is not burdened with old and inadequate buildings
which must be maintained as a part of its penal system; the state is
of such vast extent that acreage can be secured sufficient to meet
the needs of the prison system for a long period of years; and the
Texas prison survey has disclosed the type and approximate size of
the institutions which are needed for the prison system to function

The Survey Committee, therefore, recommends that the type
of institutions which the survey points out as necessary for the
proper care of the Texas prisoners be established and that these
institutions be located on a tract of land, large enough for the
institutions to be completely segregated from one another; and
yet making possible the administrative advantages of a centralized
system. The cost of transferring prisoners from one institution
to another will be minimized by this plan and also it provides for
the most efficient and economical direction of the medical,
educational, industrial and agricultural activities of all the

A separate institution is necessary for women prisoners
which should include a hospital where they should be examined on
entrance by women physicians, and cottages adequate to classify
the women prisoners; while all officers who come in contact with
the prisoners should be women. In order that the women’s institu-
tion may benefit from the experts assisting the institutions for men
and in the interest of economy, this institution should be located
in the vicinity of the other institutions.


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Texas Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor, Report on proposed Texas penal colony, 1931. Records of the Texas Prison System, Texas Prison Board, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

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