Texas Joins the Battle
El Paso, Before and After the Railroad

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Mexican adobe huts in El Paso
Myrtle Avenue in El Paso

El Paso had been settled for centuries by the Indians before the arrival of Spanish explorers and colonists in the 1500s. For the next 300 years, it remained a frontier town inhabited largely by border traders and Hispanic farmers living in adobe huts. The arrival of the railroads in 1881 and 1882 transformed El Paso into a western boomtown and a modern city.

Mexican adobe huts, El Paso, Texas, 1887, Prints and Photographs Collection, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. #1/26-2.

Myrtle Avenue, El Paso. Undated, early 20th century. Postcards of Texas Collection, Prints and Photographs Collection, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. #1961/8-104.

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Page last modified: August 24, 2011