After the hardships of the 1890s, the first two decades of the 20th century brought unprecedented prosperity to Texas farmers. The growth of the railroads opened up new areas for agriculture and allowed farmers to get their crops to market quickly. The urbanization of the state opened new markets. Cotton, corn, livestock, rice, and wheat all flourished. The lower Rio Grande Valley became home to a prolific citrus and vegetable industry. The Great War further increased demand for Texas agricultural products.
Onion farmers, 1912. Stugard Collection, Prints and Photographs Collection, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. #1963/185-20.