Fear, Force, and Leather: The Texas Prison System&rsquot;s First Hundred Years 1848-1948

Testimony of Fred Stone, April 15, 1875

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Testimony of Fred Stone, April 1875


Fred Stone.

Examined in private by the Assistant
Attorney General on his visit to the
penitentiary April 15, said:

I am a convict and will tell you all
I know, relying on your assurance that
I shall not be punished for it. One
man died in his cell last night. Two
others died a few days ago. They
do not take them into the hospital
until they are ready to be buried.
We have worked in this room (chair
bottoming room) all winter without fire
and with the door open. I am in
for ten years and shall die here. The
character of punishment is just
what the guards like to inflict.
The “horse” was used here up to
three or four weeks ago. There is
no appeal from the guards. I was
an inmate of the penitentiary for two
months before conviction; was sent
here for safe keeping. I had been
here but three weeks when I was
taken out of my bed and put in
the “stocks” and left there for thirty
or forty minutes. He also whipped me. They said I
was in a plot to get out all the
prisoners. I lay in the “blind cell”
for about a week. The captain

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Testimony of Fred Stone, April 15, 1875. Investigations, Records Relating to the Penitentiary, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Page last modified: February 10, 2016