Indian relations were crucial to the Texans who wanted independence from Mexico. If the Indians joined the Mexican cause, the result for the Texas revolt could be disastrous. To try to ensure Indian neutrality, the provisional government of Texas promised to respect the land rights of the Indians in East Texas and establish clear boundaries with the tribes. The government also appointed three commissioners to deal with the Indians, including Sam Houston, an adopted member of the Cherokee nation.
In February 1836, Houston negotiated a treaty with the Cherokees and other East Texas bands. This treaty reserved the land between the Angelina, Neches, and Sabine rivers and the Old San Antonio Road for Indian use. However, the Convention of 1836 failed to ratify the treaty. Not surprisingly, the Indians viewed the failure of the treaty as a betrayal, and the threat of war between Indians and Texans hung over Texas through most of 1836.
Treaty Between Texas Commissioners and the Cherokee Indians, 1836
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This Treaty made and established between
The Parties declare,
Treaty Between Texas Commissioners and the Cherokee Indians, 1836. Texas Indian Papers, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.