Texas 175: A Dozen Documents That Made a Difference

The main purpose of the meeting known as the Consultation was to confer legitimacy upon the revolutionary efforts by setting goals and creating an interim goverment of Texas. The delegates met in San Felipe de Austin in November 1835 and soon found themselves at odds over how to proceed. Some were already advocating for complete separation from Mexico, while others crusaded for a restoration of democracy under the 1824 Constitution of Mexico.

In the end the delegates compromised. On November 7, 1835, the Consultation issued a "Declaration to the Public" declaring that "The people of Texas, availing themselves of their natural rights, solemnly declare that they have taken up arms in defense of their rights and liberties which were threatened by the encroachments of military despots and in defense of the Republican principles of the federal constitution of Mexico of 1824." The resolution further specified that Texas reserved the right to create an independent government as long as Mexico was not governed by that constitution.

Physician, journalist, and pro-democracy crusader Manuel Lorenzo Justiniano de Zavala y Sáenz of Harrisburg was influential in drafting the declaration, and he translated the document into Spanish. Within months, he would become the first vice-president of the Republic of Texas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Declaración del Pueblo de Tejas, November 7, 1835

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Declaracion del Pueblo de Tejas, November 1835

(English)

November 7, 1835. Declaration of the People of Texas. Announcing the colonist's intention to fight for the restoration of the Constitution of 1824 and independent Mexican statehood for Texas.

DECLARATION OF THE PEOPLE OF TEXAS

In General Convention Assembled.

Whereas, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, and other military chieftains, have, by force of arms, overthrown the federal institutions of Mexico, and dissolved the social compact which existed between Texas and the other members of the Mexican confederacy; now the good people of Texas, availing themselves of their natural rights,

SOLEMNLY DECLARE,

1st. That they have taken up arms in defence of their rights and liberties, which were threatened by the encroachments of military despots, and in defence of the republican principles of the federal constitution of Mexico, of eighteen and twenty-four.

2d. That Texas is no longer morally or civilly bound by the compact of union; yet, stimulated by the generosity and sympathy common to a free people, they offer their support and assistance to such of the members of the Mexican confederacy as will take up arms against military despotism.

3d. That they do not acknowledge that the present authorities of the nominal Mexican republic have the right to govern within the limits of Texas.

4th. That they will not cease to carry on war against the said authorities whilst their troops are within the limits of Texas.

5th. That they hold it to be their right during the disorganization of the federal system, and the reign of despotism, to withdraw from the union, to establish an independent government, or to adopt such measures as they may deem best calculated to protect their rights and liberties, but that they will continue faithful to the Mexican government so long as that nation is governed by the constitution and laws that were formed for the government of the political association.

6th. That Texas is responsible for the expense of her armies now in the field.

7th. That the public faith of Texas is pledged for the payment of any debts contracted by her agents.

8th. That she will reward, by donations in lands, all who volunteer their services in her present struggle, and receive them as citizens.

These declarations we solemnly avow to the world, and call God to witness their truth and sincerity, and invoke defeat and disgrace upon our heads, should we prove guilty of duplicity.

(Spanish)

DECLARACIÓN

DEL PUEBLO DE TEJAS,

Reunido en Convencion General.

Por cuanto el general Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana, asociado con otros gefes militares han destruido por medio de la fuerza armada las Instituciones Federales de la Nacion Mejicana, y disuelto el pacto social que existia entre el Pueblo de Tejas y las demas partes de la confederacion Mejicana, el buen Pueblo de Tejas, usando de sus derechos naturales,

DECLARA SOLEMNEMENTE,

Primero. Que ha tomado las armas en defensa de sus derechos y libertades amenezados por los ataques del despotismo militar; y en defensa de los principios republicanos de la Constitucion Federal de Mejico, sancionada en 1824.

Segundo. Que aunque Tejas no est  ya ni politica ni moralmente ligado por los lazos de la Union Federal, movido por la simpatia y generosidad naturales   los pueblos libres, ofrece ayuda y asistencia aquellos miembros de la confederacion que tomasen las armas contra el despotismo militar.

Tercero. Que no reconoce en las actuales autoridades de la nominal Republica Mejicana ningun derecho para gobernar en el territorio de Tejas.

Cuarto. Que no cesar  de hacer la guerra contra las mencionadas autoridades mientras mantengan tropas en los terminos de Tejas.

Quinto. Que se considera con derecho de separarse de la Union   Mejico durante la desorganizacion del Sistema Federal y el regimen del despotismo, y para organizar un gobierno independiente o adoptar aquellas medidas que sean adecuadas para proteger sus derechos y libertades; pero continuar  fiel al gobierno Mejicano en el caso de que la nacion sea gobernada por la Constitucion y las leyes que fueron formadas para el regimen de su asociacion politica.

Sesto. Que Tejas se obliga pagar los gastos de sus tropas en actividad actualmente en la campana.

Septimo. Que Tejas empena su credito y fé publica para el pago de las deudas que contrageren sus agentes.

Octavo. Que recompensar  con donaciones de tierra y los derechos de ciudadania   los voluntarios que prestasen servicios en la presente lucha.

Esta es la declaración que profesamos delante del mundo, llamando   Dios por testigo de la sinceridad de nuestras intenciones, invocando su maldicion sobre nuestras cabezas en el caso de faltar ella por doblez o intencion danada.

B.T. ARCHER, Presidente.

Municipalidad de Gonzales.

 

J. D. Clemens,

Municipalidad de Austin.

Benjamin Fuqua,

Thomas Barnett,

James Hodges,

Wyly Martin,

William Arrington,

Randall Jones,

William S. Fisher,

Wm. Menifee,

G.W. Davis.

Jesse Burnam.

Municipalidad de Viesca.

Municipalidad de Matagorda.

S.T. Allen,

R.R. Royall,

A.G. Perry,

Charles Wilson.

J.G.W. Pierson,

Municipalidad de Washington.

Alexander Thompson,

Asa Mitchell,

J.W. Parker.

Philip Coe,

Municipalidad de Nacogdoches.

Elijah Collard,

Samuel Houston,

Jesse Grimes,

Daniel Parker,

A. Hoxie.

James W. Robertson,

Municipalidad de Mina.

William Whitaker.

J.S. Lester,

Municipality of Bevil.

D.C. Barrett,

John Bevil,

R.M. Williamson.

S.H. Everett,

Municipalidad de Columbia.

Wyatt Hanks.

Henry Smith,

Municipalidad de San Augustin.

Edwin Waller,

A. Houston,

J.S.D. Byrom,

Wm. N. Sigler,

John A. Wharton,

A.E.C. Johnson,

W.D.C. Hall.

Martin Palmer,

 

A. Horton

Municipalidad de Harrisburgh

Henry Augustin,

Lorenzo de Zavala,

A.G. Kellog.

Wm. P. Harris,

Municipalidad de Liberty.

C.C. Dyer,

J.B. Woods

Meriwether W. Smith,

A.B. Hardin,

John W. Moore,

Henry Millard,

D.B. Macomb.

C. West.

Sala de la Convencion en San Felipe de Austin, 7 de Noviembre de 1825. P.B. Dexter, Secretario.

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Declaración del Pueblo de Tejas, November 7, 1835. Broadside Collection #497, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

 

Page last modified: August 26, 2011