HB 1433 (76th legislature) expanded TexShare membership to public libraries and states:
Membership in the consortium is open to all institutions of higher education and to all public libraries that are members of the state library system.
- share staff expertise
- share library resources in print and electronic formats, including books, journals, technical reports, and databases
- pursue joint purchasing agreements for information services
- encourage cooperative development and deployment of information resources and technologies
TexShare programs contribute to the intellectual productivity of Texans at the participating institutions by emphasizing access to rather than ownership of documents and other information sources.
The TexShare Authorization (HB 2721, 75th Legislature) says "Membership in the consortium is open to all institutions of higher education. The director and librarian may establish categories of consortium services and assess different fees to members based on the categories of consortium services chosen by a member."
The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board maintains a list of the higher education institutions under their purview, which are the institutions eligible for TexShare membership. If your institution is not on this list and you believe it should be after reading the following definitions and criteria, please contact the TexShare Coordinator at the Texas State Library and Archives.
In the statute, "institution of higher education" includes
- an institution of higher education as defined by Section 61.003, Education Code, and
- a private or independent institution of higher education as defined by Section 61.003, Education Code. (Amended by Senate Bill 480)
In Section 61.003, "Institution of higher education" means
- any public technical institute,
- public junior college,
- public senior college or university,
- medical or dental unit, or
- other agency of higher education as defined in this section.
"Public technical institute" means the Texas State Technical College System.
Listing and Certification of Junior Colleges:
The commissioner of higher education shall file with the state auditor and the state comptroller on or before October 1 of each year a list of the public junior colleges in this state. The commissioner shall certify the names of those colleges that have complied with the standards, rules, and regulations prescribed by the board. Only those colleges which are so certified shall be eligible for and may receive any appropriation made by the legislature to public junior colleges.
"Public senior college or university" means a general academic teaching institution as defined above.
"General academic teaching institution" means The University of Texas at Austin; The University of Texas at El Paso; The University of Texas of the Permian Basin; The University of Texas at Dallas; The University of Texas at San Antonio; Texas A&M University, Main University; The University of Texas at Arlington; Tarleton State College; Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical College; Texas Maritime Academy; Texas Tech University; University of North Texas; Lamar University; Texas A&I University; Texas Woman's University; Texas Southern University; Midwestern University; University of Houston; Pan American University; The University of Texas at Brownsville; East Texas State University; Sam Houston State University; Southwest Texas State University; West Texas State University; Stephen F. Austin State University; Sul Ross State University; Angelo State University; Tyler State College; and any other college, university, or institution so classified as provided in this chapter or created and so classified, expressly or implied, by law.)
"Medical and dental unit" means The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston; The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas; The University of Texas Medical School at San Antonio; The University of Texas Dental Branch at Houston; The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center; The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston; The University of Texas Dental School at San Antonio; The University of Texas Medical School at Houston; the nursing institutions of The University of Texas System; and The University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston; and such other medical or dental schools as may be established by statute or as provided in this chapter.
"Other agency of higher education" means The University of Texas System, System Administration; Texas Western University Museum; Texas A & M University System, Administrative and General Offices; Texas Agricultural Experiment Station; Texas Agricultural Extension Service; Rodent and Predatory Animal Control Service (a part of the Texas Agricultural Extension Service); Texas Engineering Experiment Station (including the Texas Transportation Institute); Texas Engineering Extension Service; Texas Forest Service; Texas Tech University Museum; Texas State University System, System Administration; Sam Houston Memorial Museum; Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum; Cotton Research Committee of Texas; Water Resources Institute of Texas; Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory; and any other unit, division, institution, or agency which shall be so designated by statute or which may be established to operate as a component part of any public senior college or university, or which may be so classified as provided in this chapter.
"Private or independent institution of higher education" includes only a private or independent college or university that is:
- (A) organized under the Texas Non-Profit Corporation Act (Section 22.001 et seq. in Texas Business Organizations Code);
- (B) exempt from taxation under Article VIII, Section 2, of the Texas Constitution and Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. Section d)
- (C) accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools or the Liaison Committee on Medical Education or the American Bar Association.
House Bill 3591, 77th Legislature has been enacted to allow Libraries of Clinical Medicine to become full members of TexShare.
"Libraries of Clinical Medicine"
- has the meaning assigned to Non-Profit Corporation by Government Code, §441.221...further defined as:"extensive library services as those set forth in § 1.81(4) (C) and (D) of this title.
Libraries in Clinical Medicine are defined as having
- "...Extensive collections in the fields of clinical medicine and the history of Medicine-
- a minimum of 10,000 library resources in print and in electronic format, comprised of books, journal titles, technical reports, and databases on clinical medicine and the history of medicine." (13 TAC § 8.1. Definitions.)