Stephen F. Austin, Plan for the Organization of Congress for the Empire of Mexico, April 8, 1823
At the time that Stephen F. Austin was beginning to bring colonists to Texas, Mexico was in the final throes of its war of independence from Spain. To Austin's disappointment, the Mexican government refused to approve the Spanish land grant originally given to Moses Austin. Austin went to Mexico City and succeeded in getting the attention of the leader of the provisional government, Agustín de Iturbide. He persuaded the provisional congress, the junta institutuyente, to approve a law that created the empresario system for colonization. This allowed immigration agents such as Austin to bring in families and provided land incentives for their success.
The "Plan" referred to in the document is the Plan de Iguala, which in addition to the measures of interest to Austin, called for an independent Mexico under a constitutional monarchy. The plan was accepted under the Treaty of Córdoba in August 1821, in which Spain recognized Mexican independence, and Texas became part of an independent Mexico.
This copy of the document was made by Mirabeau B. Lamar, another founder of Texas and the second president of the Republic of Texas. The opening commentary is by Lamar.
Stephen F. Austin, Plan for the Organization of Congress for the Empire of Mexico, April 8, 1823, copy by Lamar. Mirabeau B. Lamar Papers #47. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Page last modified: August 19, 2011