Wood to President James K. Polk, October 6, 1848

Page 2

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Wood to Polk, Page 2

was the sentiment, that to have receded from


this boundary, would have been regarded as


scarcely less inglorious than to have compromised


the very principles of the revolution itself.

To have obtained peace and independence with


such a boundary as that which is sought in


some quarters to be foisted upon them, would


have been regarded at any period of their


separate existence, as a victory without honor


and a triumph without glory.

At the first session of our Congress, "An


act defining the boundary of Texas" was passed,


declaring our boundary as commencing in the


Gulf of Mexico three leagues from land, to the


mouth of the Rio Grande, thence up the principal


stream of said river to its source, then due North


to the 42d degee of North latitude.

This then was our only boundary--our rightful,


because our lawful one and continued so without


modification or abatement up to the period of the


adoption of the annexation resolutions and the


Constitution of the State, and then, if affected at all,


only to be reassured by the first and reasserted


by the latter. The laws and institutions of a


nation constituted her political identity as well


as her political existence. They and those who


represent them, are the only true exponents of her


rights and her pretensions.

By these the Government of the United States


were apprised of our boundary, and only through


these could they acquire any knowledge on the


subject at all; and thus advised, that Government,


in 1837, acknowleged our independence; and so far as


it was concerned, became, thereby, forever concluded

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Wood to President James K. Polk, October 6, 1848, Santa Fe Papers, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Page last modified: March 30, 2011