Wood to President James K. Polk, October 6, 1848

Page 5

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Wood to Polk, Page 5

of the Independence of Texas in 1837, that Gov-


ernment has, as I will proceed to show, by


fair deductions from some acts and by the


direct force of others, recognized the claim of


Texas as set up by her laws.

The resolutions of annexation provide,


contingently, for the division of Texas into five


States of convenient size; a provision evidently


made with reference to our asserted boundary,


for it would have involved an absurdity to


have it made with reference to that within


which the attempt is being made to restrict


us, embracing as it does scarcely territory enough


for one instead of five States of convenient


size.

Equally absurd and nugatory is another


consideration of these resolutions, providing that in


the State or States formed out of our territory


North of 36 deg 30 min., slavery or involuntary


servitude shall be prohibited, had it not been


with a like reference to boundary recog-


nized as established above that line. To suppose


otherwise is to adopt the unreasonable presump-


tion, that the parties, contracting through these


resolutions, made a subject of arrangement, territory


in which neither the one, nor the other had any


right, and to convict the Congress of the United


States of doing and the people of Texas of as-


senting to an inept, a vain, and a useless thing.

Againt, the Congress of the United States, with


rare unanimity, and without reference to party, de-


clared, on the 13th day of May, 1846, that war had


been commenced by the act of Mexico. The act


upon which this declaration was founded, and by

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Wood to President James K. Polk, October 6, 1848, Santa Fe Papers, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Page last modified: March 30, 2011