Ashbel Smith to Isaac Van Zandt, January 25, 1843
and the Colorado was proposed as a dividing
line. I do not know to whom is due the
initiative of these matters; but I was informed
that the propositions in question, had been
a subject of conversation with Lord Aberdeen.
And I am aware that in another conversation
in which Lord Aberdeen took part, it
was maintained that the population which would
flock into this “free state” from Europe would be
enabled to vote down the Slave holders, and thus
the Texians would of themselves establish an entire
nonslave holding country.
Although I carefully noted these conversations
from the mark of the person with whom I had
them, I did not probably fully estimate their
I may be mistaken in regard to the equ-
ivalents to be offered by England as they were not
dwelt upon in detail. But in regard to the
two propositions, one to abolish Slavery throughout
the entire territory; the other to establish a non-
slave holding state in Western Texas; and
in regard to the personal standing and relations
with the Govt of the Gentleman making the
propositions, I cannot be in error.
Until within a few months the British
Govt undoubtedly desired the establishment
of peace between Texas and Mexico—Texas
remaining a slave holding country—chiefly
from an apprehension, that if the contest
Ashbel Smith to Isaac Van Zandt, January 25, 1843. English Diplomatic Correspondence, Texas Secretary of State records, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.